Hmmm...It seems like there is a high prevalence rate in individuals and families living in the U.S. with a mental disorder.
Would my job as a baby researcher and trauma-informed counselor in training be to help such individuals reduce the severity or frequency of symptoms of a mental disorder (e.g., PTSD)?
Or would there be something else like helping them live their lives optimally to be well?
When Gemma is conducting a literature research and review, and also based on his clinical experience, he realizes that the current mental health care is focused too much on a reduction in symptomatology of a mental disorder but less on enhancing an optimal way of living one's life and the wellbeing of individuals and families in community.
"Hmmm, I think that many individuals with mental disorders would benefit from a holistic clinical intervention/approach to be well."
Gemma recognizes a potential problem in the current mental health care system and conducts some more literature review on the topic. As a result, Gemma gets another related issue in his idea. "So what does it even mean that individuals are WELL?"
"Does't everyone have a different meaning/description of being well?"
Gemma in a research group begins to collect data through the two 2-hour interviews (audio/video recordings of those interviews) of a sample of ten helping professionals working in a community health center in PA during a 6-month period and field notes reflective of the observations that he and his peers in the research group jot down
when they make a site visit to the local community health center during the same period of time of data collection.
Myers et al. (200) defined wellness as
a way of life oriented toward optimal health and well-being, in which body, mind, and spirit are integrated by the individual to live life more fully within the human and natural community. Ideally, it is the optimism state of health and well-being that each individual is capable of achieving (p.252)
Theoretical Framework for Wellness, the Indivisable Self
Gemma now gets his idea of living one's life well a bit more crystalized and has a research-based, agreed-upon definition of WELLNESS as a construct among helping professionals in community and the evidence-based theoretical framework reflective of this construct.
"Hmmm, is there a way to quantify the construct of WELLNESS in individuals and families?"
Now, Gemma employs an inventory named Five Factor Wellness Inventory (FFWEL) to measure the level of wellness in his clients.
He becomes curious and ponders again... "So what would be the relationship between wellness and depression
in the clients?
Reliability and Validity
in Quantitative Research
Assessing Levels of Depression Using Psychometric Instruments
Severity and Frequency of Symptoms of Depression over Last Two Weeks
Gemma is administering the Beck Depression Inventory II in a certain number/group of his clients in the community health center.