Even with an absolute monarchy, the king's way of governing was very tolerant.
Family was very important in Gupta. Hereditary lines ruled for years upon years in this civilization filled with knowledge and new ideas.
Athens and Sparta had two very influential governments in the early civilizations. The United States government has adapted parts of Athens' direct democracy into our own version that we use today.
The beginning of Mauyra was dependent upon a emperor as their governing body. Even into the Rise of Maurya, royalty governed the people with religion set aside.
Throughout the years of early Rome, the governing system used was a monarchy. However, as time passed, the way of governing changed to a republic. The republic was very relaxed and gave all Romans the same rights.