Development and Installation of Software for Open Data Platform for Rural Agriculture
The agricultural sector has an important role in the economy of Montenegro, with a significant share of gross domestic product (more than 8%, including forestry and fishing).
Montenegrin agriculture and rural development is characterized by a number of fundamental disadvantages: small farms, often fragmented, most of them are not officially registered as a farm and have a disadvantage in reaching markets in larger cities. All of these shortcomings make it difficult for agricultural producers to invest in machinery and new technology.
The result is that the sector is generally characterized by low productivity, high costs of inputs and difficulties in the production of standardized products in large quantities intended for the domestic and international markets.
The goal of this assignment is to secure development of Software for Open data platform for rural agriculture that will be used by municipal services, producer associations and local actors to secure adequate information collection, processing, dissemination and analysis in order to facilitate:
Establish and enhance cooperation among producers –by establish cooperation among producers, the production process will be more efficient, supply will have continuity, the returns will be higher and the collection of payments will be more frequent.
Improved planning – entire arable surface should be presentable through use of GIS helping decision making and zoning, where each zone will be assigned to produce certain sort of vegetable.
Marketing- the platform would support developing of marketing strategy by identifying and placing in space producers in municipalities.
Distribution channels- even though producers do find someone outside their respective municipalities to buy its products, they do not have resources to transport those products to them.
The aim of the project was to:
- Ensure the collection of data from the field into a single database
- Establish and enhance cooperation among producers
- Reduce the supply chain so that the manufacturer is as close as possible to the end customer, providing information about the manufacturer and the quality of the product directly through the applications.
- To enable the recognition of aspects of women's participation in agricultural production.
- Distribution channels - to enable customers to get to the producer in the fastest possible way without the intermediary
- To help and improve local decision-making in the municipality, in connection with the distribution of agricultural support services.
- Apply legal, technical and private standards and geospatial and statistical standards as outlined in the recommendations of the UN Independent Expert Advisory Group on the Revolution of Sustainable Development Data, which will, among other things, facilitate openness and exchange of information.
- To enable attracting foreign investments for further upgrade of the system.
Installation of the platform
in 6 municipalities
The software solution will provide a means of cataloguing the available agriculture data via a web-based platform, analysis of its spatial representation using modern Geographic Information System (GIS) tools and providing the means for gathering data from the field using mobile platform tools.
The software solution is also aimed at enabling better communication between family farms and the municipal agriculture support services by providing messaging functionalities via a web application.
All the stated components will have fully integrated and work on a single database, in order to provide users with a functional software solution capable of achieving the intended goals.
The web application is used for cataloguing the available data on agriculture in the targeted municipalities.
All members of the agricultural holding is recorded who regularly or occasionally work on the farm, are members of the same household and share the same address. The recorded information is connected with spatial information on the land parcels and location of facilities that are part of the agricultural holding.
Another important part of the web application is to enable better communication between agricultural producers and support units in the municipalities. This is provided with a messaging platform like a part of the web application.
GIS is now in worldwide use as an integral and indispensable tool at the state level. GIS will connecting the information about agricultural parcels with information entered in via the web application, the information about the agricultural holdings and farms that manage those parcels. Information about agricultural parcels is available from the cadastral maps (polygon information) provided by the Administration for Real Estate of Montenegro.
The described activities will give a spatial representation to the agricultural data. When this information is available, it can be viewed and overlapped with all other available spatial layers (topographical maps, soil maps, hydrology maps, satellite images, etc.).
The mobile application should enable entry of alphanumeric data on appropriate screens on the Android platform. This will be done by members of support units from the municipalities during their field work.
The application is provided possibilities for recording any memberships of unions of agricultural producers.
The application will use the mobile network or wireless network to connect to the internet, which will allow communication with the database server.
Mobile application be able to work in online mode and have the ability to store data on a local database when an internet connection is not available.
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