Methodology- Explaining observed natural phenomena as being part of a total worldview - role of sense perception
Links to Personal Knowledge- Understanding the self- ancestry, place int eh world, attitudes and behavior towards others.
Scope/ Applications- Attempts to explain the nature and existence of humanity for a particular group of human beings
Historical Development-Impact of colonization and globalization
The Mayans originate from an ancient civilization (dating back to 1800 B.C.) that are located in Mesoamerica (between North and Central America)
Spoke Proto-Mayan along with many variations from this language
Who were the Mayans?
They used farming methods to survive in the rainforest. They somehow managed to support 8-10 million people at the peak of their civilization
They had large stone cities with palaces and many temples
One of the first to have and advance writing system. Also known for their advanced math systems and skill in astronomy
The government consisted of kings and advisory councils
B E L I E F S
"Religion was at the center of Mayan life. Everything in their world—from numbers to animals and landforms in the natural world—was filled with spiritual forces that were worthy of being worshiped. The Maya spent huge amounts of time and wealth building temples and tombs and carrying out ceremonies and rituals." World Book Online Reference Center
Often participated in human sacrifices to please their gods
Ceremonies occurred throughout specific times of the year
Shamans were in charge of helping the personal health, social/ familiar relationships and future of their client
The Mayans Today
Much of their land was stolen by the Spaniards
They were able to regain some of their land during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920)
In the 1990's the political rights group Zapatista Army of National Liberation fought to get better treatment of their indigenous group
Mayan scholars have been able to spread the knowledge of their language to help others translate ancient Mayan information
They now follow a mixture of Mayan religion and Roman Catholicism
“World Book Online Reference Center | Online Reference Book| Online Encyclopedia.” World Book, 26 April 2019 www.worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/article?id=ar837130.