The concept of deterrence, referred to as the prevention of criminal acts through the use of fear through a threat of or the experience of a criminal sanction plays a crucial part within the prison system (Sentencing Advisory Council 2011). If the community views prison as comfortable and pleasant, it will not act as a deterrent and therefore greatly reducing its overall success as a form of punishment.
A study conducted by Wozniak (2014) addresses how American inmates view prisons as unpleasant, yet voice the opinion that prison should be stricter and harsher still. This in turn highlights the effectiveness of prisons as a fear tactic, and that to be more effective in terms of deterring the community, the conditions should be less pleasant and have more of a stricter element to them.
Imprisonment, as a largely used form of punishment around the world, plays a key role in punishing and reducing crime.
Annual Expense of Keeping Prisoners
Jacobson et al. (2017) identify that there has been a steady increase of prisoners over most of the globe, outstripping global growth on a whole. There are a multitude of both positive and negative factors surrounding the prison system relating to the recidivism rates, rehabilitation and whether they help or harm the community.
Victorian offenders returned to prison within 2 years of release.
(Corrections Victoria 2019).
Did you know?
of offenders reoffend within two years of release?
Are imprisoned worldwide
The general public, unless employed within the prison system do not receive any education about it. There are minimal studies identifying knowledge the general public may have or have been taught about prisons, therefore it is hard to gauge the level of knowledge the general public has attained.
The media is identified to play a prominent role within the way the community views certain topics and concepts by providing information. Entman (1989) recognises that the media makes a significant contribution to people’s opinions and affecting what they may think about. That is, if the media only dwells on the negatives of the prison system, that can influence the public’s opinion on this matter. Furthermore, while the media plays a prevalent role within the majority of the community’s lives, it can be identified as the main source of information that the public may gather and therefore affect how they feel (Bryant et al. 2013). Therefore, the main source of information and education about the prison system can be expected to be the media.