Ice Cream is a soft frozen food made with sweetened and flavored milk fat and sugar. Ice cream has been a popular sweet for hundreds of years and continues to widespread.
History of Ice Cream
The techniques for making water ices and sorbets led to experimentation with cream and milk in France during the seventeenth century. The use of snow and ice to cool wines was known to the Romans, and sorbets were well known to the Persians. It was the use of sweet cream from cow's milk that originally made ice cream possible.
The original technique for making ice cream was simple. A large bowl was filled with broken ice over scattered salt. Another bowl was set which contained the cream, sugar, and flavoring. The bowl was then turned by hand and the cream mixture was cooled due to evaporation.
In the 1820s, ice cream gardens were developed where a variety of sweet foods were prepared, plus wines and lemonades were seved. George and his wife, Eleanor Parkinson, created an ice cream business that put ice cream on the map. Their son James opened a restaurant in the early 1840s with an ice cream garden in the back. The ice cream service made headines which began to establish this food as a national dish.
Eber C. Seaman was a New Jersey Quaker who invented a crank-turned ice cream machine in 1848. His machine allowed one person to turnout large batches of ice cream in a matter of hours. The hand-turned ice cream machine became a common household utensil by the 1880s.
The introduction of condensed milk came from Gali Borden in 1856. Commercial thickeners appeared during the 1870s, in the form of powders. Ice cream powder was introduced as a fail-safe remedy with health benefits thrown in for good measure.
The "Hokey Pokey Man" was an ice cream vendor with a small pushcart who romaed the streets of large communities. he sod ice cream in paper cups and cones so that customers could walk and eat at the same time. He also sold ice cream called penny licks. These were little glasses that contained a penny's worth of ice ceam. When the ice cream was eaten, the glass was given back to the vendor, who then washed it and refilled it for the next customer.
The inventor of the ice cream cone is not known. The purpose of the cone was that the ice crea container could be eaten. Hygiene was one reaon. The perception of ice cream was that it should be clean. Along the way, wrapped ice cream snacks came in the 1920s.
Ice cream novelties included portable snack foods such as the ice-cream sandwich, the popsicle, and the Klondike. Most of ice cream now is extremely cheap and for thisreason it has lost its richness.