History of Middle Schools Where did they come from and how do they compare to Middle Schools today?
Dame schools were run by women out of their home who had a love for teaching. They would typically teach the students the alphabet, and have them practicing reading from the New Testament.These women had no degrees because they could not attend college.
1635-Latin Grammar Schools
Latin Grammar schools were geared specifically for young men, ages 7-14, where they would learn to speak fluent Latin. The reason behind learning Latin is so that they could read the word of God in the way it was meant to be read. The first Latin Grammar school was in Boston.
The first academy was established by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. The difference between these schools and the others at the time is they were free of religious influence and students could select electives such as math or athletics. Also, both boys and girls were allowed in these schools,
1821-English Classical Schools
First opened in Boston, this type of school gave the students more freedom to decide what they wanted to study. Also being an all boy's school, the boys would often study subjects such as mechanics. The School is still around today, and is now called the English High School.
Legislation made a law that stated any communities with more than 500 families must have free, public education. Of course there was the needed help of funding, but public schools spread quickly throughout the country.
even though they were private and tuition was required.
Public Schools Today
Today there is a wide variety of middle schools and junior highs all across the country. The difference between the two is that junior hish's are geared more at high school/college prep, while middle schools are a bridge between elementary schools and high schools.
RESOURCES Britannica, T. E. (2017, May 01). Dame school. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/dame-school
Carjuzaa, J., & Kellough, R. D. (2016). Teaching in the middle and secondary schools (10th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
Mass Education. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.sutori.com/item/in-1827-massachusetts-passed-a-law-requiring-all-towns-with-500-families-to-ha
The English High School. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.englishhs.org/apps/pages/index.jsp?uREC_ID=75360&type=d&termREC_ID=&pREC_ID=129652&hideMenu=1
The Grammar School. (2015, April 22). Retrieved from http://kesmith.blogs.wm.edu/2015/04/22/the-grammar-school/
The Place of Penn: Benjamin Franklin, "Founder". (n.d.). Retrieved from http://sceti.library.upenn.edu/benjaminfranklin300/01place_of_penn.cfm
CREATED BY Taylor Wiederrecht
History of Middle Schools
A brief history of middle schools throughout American's existence starting with the colonies.