Abbegale Sam . Illa Ferreira . John Sebastian . Kiran Pershad
Vaccines are one of the most important measures of preventative medicine to protect the population from diseases and infection. However, there has been a recent rise in anti-vaccination sentiments surrounding the beliefs that vaccines cause more harm than benefits to the health of the public, specifically children who receive them. The problem breakdown; gaps and lever; and the solution breakdown, for the impact of the anti-vaccination movement in Canada is outlined below.
Low vaccination rates - The rate of vaccinated children is below the target of 95% across Canada
Many recent immunization programs have suffered setbacks from immunization scares. Parents are frightened to have their children immunized after "scare stories" shared on the media, and internet by anti-vaxxer about particular vaccines.
Cancer and HIV patients, infants, pregnant women, and people allergic to components of the vaccine are at more risk to people not immunized by choice. They have a greatly recuced immuity that puts them at risk of illness such as measles
Measles is much less common in Canada than it was before the first vaccination was approved in 1963. Public health physicians are worried about the disease coming back -as WHO declared the anti-vaccination movement is one of 2019's top 10 health threats, and measle cases have already risen by 30% globally.
False information - Falsify information being distributed online and other social media, and by anti-vaccination groups have created doubts to others.
Risks - People non-immunized by choice presents risks to those non-immunized by necessity.
THE PROBLEM BREAKDOWN
Disease outbreaks - Reduction in vaccination causes disease outbreaks and increase in mortality.
Of all the provinces, only Newfoundland and Labrador has reached the immunization target of 95%. Due to the low rates of vaccinated children vaccine-preventable has increased in Canada since 2005
Low Vaccine Rates
GAPS AND LEVERS OF CHANGE
Greater involvement of nurses in all provinces.
Healthcare professionals create specific strategies to address vaccine hesitancy to each patients that are concerned.
Create and improve (where it already exists) registry systems - this helps the approach to be more specific.
Enforce laws for mandatory vaccination as a requirement to have access to public services.
Be proactive - use the internet and social media to communicate with the public and make them aware of the pros and cons of vaccination.
Two of the biggest social media sites (Facebook & YouTube) have recently taken actions to restrict the outreach of misleading information and to suppress advertisement in anti-vaxxer groups or channels.
THE SOLUTION BREAKDOWN
Nurse lead programs have shown to be more effective than physician-based vaccines. The rates in Quebec increased by 39% in nine years - the province vaccinations are done by nurses or community clinics away from doctors.
In PEI, a study in comparison to Nova Scotia showed the advantage of a nurse-led program exceeded 90% coverage of PEI for two doses of the rotavirus vaccine in 2011, against 40% reached in Nova Scotia.
Three aspects of trust in vaccines need to be restored by those who may have lost the confidence: in the effectiveness and safety of vaccines, in the system that delivers them (since the makers until the health professional who applies the shot), and in the regulations of which and when are vaccines mandatory
An electronic system for reminders has been used in Alberta and Manitoba with good results. An app called CANImmunize was launched in 2013 in Ontario and has useful features such as immunization records, access to evidence-based information, reminders, notifications of outbreaks, etc, It also includes a fictional comic book story, meant to explain to kids how a vaccine works.
Government campaigns spreading truthful information around the world.
United Kingdom - Targeted teens, raising awareness about measles and inviting the young to take the MMR vaccine. Along with this targeted communication, the campaign also looked to identify at-risk populations and develop plans to treat them.
European Region of WHO - developed a guide on how to address anti-vaccination speeches in the public