Streptococcus pyogenes is a bacterium, also known as flesh eating bacteria, which usually grows in pairs or chains. It is circular shaped and approximately 2 µm (micrometers) in length. It does not contain spores or flagella, but it is motile. Also, Streptococcus pyogenes is anaerobic and reproduces asexually.
Modus Operandi (MO)
Causes infection by releasing dangerous toxins; usually contracted by poor hygiene.
Red rash, red lines, flushed face, strawberry tongue
Spreads when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
Children between ages 5-15
No human activity increases ones risk in receiving this and the most commonly infected do not share any characteristics besides age.
Streptococcus pyogenes typically resides on skin or in the respiratory tract.
Usually, if the immune system is not compromised than the bacteria causes no harm so, as long as taking appropriate medicine, a full recovery is expected.
Can be fatal if left untreated, but usually just causes minor discomforts.
Severeness has gone down significantly over time.
Location of Victims
Ranges from a variety of different regions, but the most recent outbreak was in England.
of people are generally affected.
are the most effective
To avoid contracting this disease, it is crucial to maintain good hygiene
Have their been any less effective attempts?
No, although in the past many died when epidemics suddenly broke out, scientists went straight to studying the disease to develop an antibiotic to prevent further loss
When having Scarlet Fever one may think they have a bad sunburn or strep throat, but when accompanied with fever, difficulty swallowing, stomach pain, etc. they can pinpoint it as Scarlet Fever
“A Group A Streptococcal Infection | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/groupastrep/diseases-public/scarlet-fever.html. Davis, Charles Patrick. “Scarlet Fever Symptoms, Treatment & Causes.” MedicineNet, www.medicinenet.com/scarlet_fever_scarlatina/article.htm#what_i s_scarlet_fever.
Group A Streptotoccus, www.austincc.edu/microbio/2704y/gas.htm.
Nordqvist, Christian. “Scarlet Fever: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Complications.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 12 Oct. 2017, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/176242.php. Scarlet fever -- also called scarlatina -- is an infection that’s easily passed from person to person. Anyone can get it. “What Are the Symptoms of Scarlet Fever? Do They Include a Red Rash?” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding- scarlet-fever-symptoms.
“Scarlet Fever | Disease of the Week | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/dotw/scarletfever/index.html.
“Scarlet Fever.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 24 Apr. 2018, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases- conditions/scarlet-fever/symptoms-causes/syc-20377406.
Smith, C. “Scarlet Fever–Past and Present.” Aetiology, http://aetiologyblog.com/2011/07/06/scarlet-fever-in-hong- kong/