September 2nd 1945 the Japanese surrendered on board the USS Missouri which was anchored in Tokyo Bay
British Troops take Vietnam
In September 1945, British troops landed in Saigon, Vietnam’s capital, and took the country for France.
French try to take Vietnam
In spring 1946, the Vietnamese leader and the French government signed an agreement to share power. The peace between the Vietnamese and the French did not last. The French soon tried to take a stronger hold of Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh rejects proposal from French Government
In July 1946, Ho Chi Minh rejects a French proposal granting Vietnam limited self-government and the Viet Minh begins a guerrilla war against the French.
The French lose Vietnam
In 1954 the Vietnamese conquered the French in a battle.
A Treaty is made
In July 1954, people from France, Vietnam, and other colonies of Indochina signed a series of agreements at a conference in Switzerland. As part of the Geneva Accords, Vietnam was divided into two parts at the 17th parallel.
Eisenhower claims communism is a domino affect
President Dwight D. Eisenhower says ¨the fall of French Indochina to communists could create a “domino” effect in Southeast Asia.
Troop training begins
In 1959 the south Vietnamese began training troops.
A new first secretary of Vietnam is elected in September 1960.
JFK beats Nixon in the 1960 Presidential election
First US troops are killed
July 1959, The first U.S. troops are killed in Vietnam when people attack their living area near Saigon.
NLF is formed
The National Liberation Front (NLF) is formed to back the political part of the antigovernment insurgency in Southern Vietnam. The United States views the NLF as a part of North Vietnam and starts calling the military wing of the NLF the Viet Cong