History of Aoteroa
Land of the Long White Cloud
Present day Maori (East Polynesians) arrive in New Zealand from Hawaiki.
Able Tasman becomes the first European to discover New Zealand
James Cook visits New Zealand on the first of three trips and mapped both main islands
Whalers and Sealers begin to visit and inhabit New Zealand.
(Late 1700s- Early 1800s )
New Zealand was an economical and cultural outpost for New South Wales.
Maori start producing pork and potatoes for the first European town at Kororareka in exchange for weapons.
Samuel Marsden creates the first Christian mission station. By 1840 more than 20 station had been established, teaching Maori to read, write and new farming techniques.
British Government pressured to curb lawfullness to protect sailors and stop the French from their imperial plans
Muskets, traded for food, has greater impact than religion and escalates the killing in tribal conflicts.
James Busby sent as British Resident to New Zealand.
Northern Chiefs adopt a flag.
Northern Chiefs sign declaration of independence.
Treaty of Waitangi is signed by more than 500 chiefs.
( July 1844- January 1855)
Hone Heke attacks a British garrison at Kororareka and starts the Northern.
First battle fought at Puketutu is inconclusive.
Pro-British Ngapuhi defeat Hone Heke at Te Ahuahu Pa
( 11 March 1845 )
(12 June 1845)
Maori win battle of Ohaeawai and more than a 100 British soldiers are injured or killed.
British win battle of Ruapekapeka and the Northern Wars end.
New Zealand has first parliamentary vote.
(11 January 1846)
(1 July 1845)
Te Teira sells the Waitara block to the Government.
Pakeha Population is higher than maori population
Wīremu Kīngi prevents a survey ofthe Waitara block.
The Battle of Te Kohia is fought (inconclusive)
The British win the Battle of Waireka.
(28th March 1860)
(17th March 1860)
(20 February 1860)
Māori win the Battle of Puketakauere
(28th June 1860 )
(8 May 1845)
Hone Heke cuts down British flag pole 3 times.
( March 1861)
The British win the Battle of Rangiriri.
Māori are forced to withdraw from the pā at Meremere.
(20-21 November 1863 )
(1 January 1862)
The British occupy the Māori king’s village of Ngāruawāhia.
The British attack and burn the village of Rangiaowhia
The British win the Battle of Ōrākau(near Te Awamutu).
(31 March- 1 April 1864)
(20 February 1864)
(8 December 1863)
Māori win theBattle of Gate Pā (near Tauranga),
The British win the Battle of Te Ranga (near Tauranga), and the Waikato wars end.
The Native Land Court is established
The British army withdraws from New Zealand.
An armed constabulary is formed to replace the British army
Māori seats are established in parliament.
(1 November 1863 1845)
A truce is declared,and the Taranaki War ends.
Work starts onthe road into Waikato.
(9 June 1868)
Tītokowaru wins the Battle of Moturoai.
Tītokowaru wins the Battle ofTe Ngutu-o-te-manu.
(November 1868 )
(10 July 1868)
Te Kooti leads the Matawhero raid.
Colonial troops attack Te Kooti at Ngātapa pā.
Te Kooti escapes from Ngātapa. Many ofhis followers are killed.
(5 January 1869)
(5 December 1868)
(10 November 1868)
Tītokowaru leaves Taurangaika pā and retreats to inland Taranaki. This is the end of Tītokowaru’s war.
The Māori population is around 50,000, the Pākehā population around 300,000.
(2 February 1869)
New Zealand war Ends
14th February 1872
Tītokowaru’s warbegins when his men kill threemilitary settlers at Katemarae
Te Kooti and almost three hundred followers land on the East Coast after they escape from the Chatham Islands.