Originating in Asia some 2,500 years ago, Cannabis is a genus of plant that can be used for industrial, therapeutic, and recreational purposes. There are 3 main species of the cannabis plant: Sativa, Indica, and Ruderalis and these species contain varied amounts of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) & Cannabidiol (CBD), the two main compounds prominent in the cannabis plant.
Hemp is Sativa that is bred to be stronger and more fibrous. Industrial hemp has many applications for clothing, food, plastic, construction, etc.
Depending on how the plant is harvested, the Sativa species is used for recreational & medicinal purposes along with producing industrial hemp
Due to large amounts of THC, the Indica species is most commonly used for recreational & medicinal purposes
Species Ruderalis contains limited traces of THC & is a shorter plant compared to Sativa and Indica strains limiting its use for hemp. Ruderalis is predominately used for medicinal purposes and cross-bred with the two other strains due to its auto-flowering characteristics.
Though strains with THC are used in healthcare, CBD is more commonly utilized for both therapy and minimal long-term side effects. Cannabis as a therapy is known to combat stress, inflammation, depression, pain relief, and anxiety among others
Typically referred to as marijuana, Cannabis Sativa & Indica produce buds that contain the psychoactive compound THC which gives users the euphoric "high"
Originally spun as a fiber, Hemp can now be refined for an array of uses including: clothing, biofuel, food, paper, and textiles
Though research is ongoing, cannabis is known to alleviate stress, increase appetite, reduce nausea, reduce chronic pain, & fight depression among others
Cannabis with high amounts of THC is consumed for its psychoactive effects with users experiencing a euphoric "high".
THC vs. CBD
The human body has an Endocannabinoid System, a network of receptors which interact with cannabinoids (compunds in the cannabis plant like THC and CBD) that maintain functionality throughout our bodies. The 2 main cannabinoid receptors in our bodies are CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found in the brain and CB2 receptors are found in the central nervous system and immune system.
There are currently 85 known cannabinoids in the cannabis plant with the 2 most prominent being THC and CBD. The interaction between CB1 & CB2 receptors with cannabinoids like THC & CBD have different affects on the body as they do not interact in the same manner.
How its is Consumed
What is Cannabis
Legalization Status Worldwide
Legalization Status USA
(legal in select states; illegal federally)
This region in northwestern California is the largest cannabis-producing region in the United States
Uses for Medical Cannabis
Recreational Market Share
Medicinal Market Share
FDA has approved treatment for only 2 forms of epilepsy in the US
Other indications for medical cannabis
Arcview Market Research
New Frontier Data