Travelling as a soldier, escaping from the enemies
Looking for food and job
Visiting holy cities like Rome or Jerusalem
Means of transport in the past
On foot, by an animal
Ships and rafts
In 220 AD China used
hot air baloons
Means of transport nowadays
Cars, trains, buses (private and public means)
Safer and more technological ships
european people travelled at least once last year. There were 1.2 billions trips. So nowadays almost everyone can travel thanks to the new means of transport and the services like hotels, restaurants and so on.
Benefits of travelling
Discovering new cultures and opportunities (jobs, universities,...)
Improving your language skills
Meeting new people
there are a lot of reasons to travel. There are many fewer duties than in the past, so we have more free time to spend enjoying ourselves.
there are negative factors which can annoy the tourist.
As you can see the price of the travel is the main problem.