Before looking at advising policy, consider what advising is and does for students...
Advising Then vs Now
Advisors may be faculty or professional staff
Developmental in nature
About much more than class scheduling
Tied strongly to student success and retention
Heavily involves student in the process
Done exclusively by faculty
Prescriptive in nature
Mostly about course scheduling and staying on track for graduation
Less responsibility for student
Less advisor-advisee engagement
Who are stakeholders in advising and its success?
Advising affects so many because it is strongly tied to:
*Student Success (affecting students and their families)
*University success (affecting faculty, staff and administration, as well as alum and donors
While there is not space on this slide to show the magnitude of advising, the chart to the left highlights many aspects of advising responsibilities of both advisor and advisee as related to: Core courses and skills, majors, minors & certificates, campus involvement, self-assessment, career development, academic skills, policies & procedures, and campus referrals.
So advising relates to student success and the student experience in so many ways and is much more than previously thought of as helping with course selection. Advising is deeply rooted in student success and student development and required an engaged and individualized process.
Advising is multifaceted
Why is advising policy necessary?
Only 56% of students receive a degree from the institution they began at as freshman within 6 years
Chiteng Kot, 2014)
Since advising plays such an integral role in student success, policy is necessary to set up expectations, responsibilities and personnel. Additionally, advising is tied strongly to retention and graduation rates, making it a crucial part of financial pressures and stakeholder interest.
Advising Policy Criteria
Size of institution
University Mission and Goals
Interest level of faculty towards advising
Let's talk K-State advising policy
Now understanding how critical academic advising is to student success and university stakeholders, let's consider the policy at Kansas State University, as outlined by the Kansas Board of Regents:
"Effective academic advising is central to the educational mission of the Board of Regents. To ensure that all students have access to high quality advising, each state university shall establish an Academic Advising System, which shall provide the following:"
Referral to campus resources (Board of Regents, 2018)
Does not outline who can/should be an advisor
Does not establish advising structure for the campus
Clearly lays out expectations of advisor
Understands advising as multifaceted and strongly connected to student success
PROS & CONS
Let's look at the pros and cons of this policy
In considering different policy and advising model options...
Advising is personal
Even though policy sets us the foundation for advising at a given institution, advising is a personal and individualized experience for students. Take a look at the following clip for advising from the perspective of both students and advisors:
Testimonial from Penn St Students and Advisors
"As someone invested in advising as a profession and someone who pursued higher education to ensure a positive student experience, I appreciate the added concern and attention advising is beginning to receive, especially as more recent adaptation to policy require reporting advising updates on a regular basis increasing checks and balances on the effectiveness on advising, student success and retention."
An advisor's perspective
Advising and advising policy are going to look different at each institution, but as long as the policy takes into consideration the students best interest and the needs and mission of the university, it is on the right track.
Strong policy around advising reassures faculty and staff advisors that advising is valued and that it does connect to student success.
Board of Regents. (2018). Chapter II: Full Text. Retrieved August 1, 2018, from https://www.kansasregents.org/about/policies-by-laws-missions/board_policy_manual_2/chapter_ii_governance_state_universities_2/chapter_ii_full_text#advising
Chiteng Kot, F. (2014). The impact of centralized advising on first-year academic performance and second-year enrollment behavior. Research in Higher Education, 55(6), 527-563. doi:http://dx.doi.org.une.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s11162-013-9325-4
Mather, Taylor. (2014, December 09). Academic Advising. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_MjxehDnrA
Messia, J. (2010). Defining Advising Stakeholder Groups. Retrieved August 4, 2018, from http://www.nacada.ksu.edu/Resources/Clearinghouse/View-Articles/Defining-Advising-Stakeholder-Groups.aspx
Penn State. (2012, December 04). Academic Advising. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4kHTEUDqUSQ
A look at advising policy
A look at academic advising policy at K-State along with alternatives