4.07 SIGNS OF CULTURAL KNOWLEDGE
ASL GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
- Directionality helps change the meaning of sign by aiming it towards a person.
-For example, the sign PAY when it doesn't move just means PAY, but if you move the sign towards yourself, it becomes PAY-ME. If you move it towards another person, it means PAY-YOU or PAY-HIM, PAY-HER, PAY-THEM.
-various facial expressions
-similar signals that we add to our hand signs to create a meaning
Modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They convey grammatical information such as topicalization, sentence types (wh-question, rh-question, yes/no question, etc.)
- Mainstreaming is where Deaf and hearing children attend school together.
- Parents can choose to let their Deaf children attend a school that teaches in sign, or an oral school, where they teach the Deaf to speak (no sign).
- A cochlear implant is a small electronic device that can help bring a sense of hearing to someone deaf or severely hard-of-hearing.
- When people wear the implant, they do not hear through their ears. The sound will come from the top of their head.
- No replication of natural sound
- Stands for Child/Kid of a Deaf Adult
- Most CODAs learn both spoken English and signed language which makes them bilingual and bicultural
- some CODAS require speech therapy due to their limited exposure to spoken language
- it can be difficult for CODAS to deal with social and cultural norms of the hearing and deaf communities
of children born to deaf parents are not deaf
The planet Eyeth is actually a concept . It's a term for an imaginary planet for "people of the eye", in which everyone speaks in visual-manual modality. Hearing people are considered a minority.
The school in Guatemala, called LAVOSI, is an amazing school, giving opportunities for deaf children. The principal does not get paid to work there, he works there "from his heart." You can tell the passion and commitment the principal has to help these Deaf students learn.
This craft store in Vietnam, run by Deaf owner Dang Tang and his Deaf employees, is an incredible example of what Deaf people are capable of. It was nice to hear the owner talk about how he used to work for others and they would often look down upon him. He now owns his own business! The shop is wonderful a mix of two cultures: Vietnamese and Deaf.
The Deaf owned coffee shop in Slovakia, called, Kaviareň u Šálky, has an interesting way for customers to order. They use nifty wifi technology on tablets at every table. Customers will click what they want, and a video of how to sign the item will pop up (good for hearing people). I loved how the owner had a dream, to own a coffee shop, and decided to open one for not only hearing, put Deaf as well. It was beautifully executed, with the wifi system and the look of the shop.
Beethoven's Nightmare is a really unique band consisting of three deaf musicians. Each plays their own instrument (drums, bass guitar, and rhythm guitar) and one tries to sing. They depend on vibrations, so they play really loud, enough for them to hear and feel it.
- “Cochlear Implants.” National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 15 June 2018, www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/cochlear-implants.
- “Non-Manual Signals Used in Sign Language.” Gifting a Signed Name in Deaf Culture, www.handspeak.com/learn/index.php?id=158.
- “Through Deaf Eyes.” YouTube, YouTube, 3 Apr. 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=tJeAG8tZyf4.
- “Eyeth: a Planet of the Eyean People.” Gifting a Signed Name in Deaf Culture, www.handspeak.com/culture/index.php?id=46.