F i t t i n g i n w i t h t h e C r o w d
By: Carys Nyboer & Sami Lee
The authors, Holly Sloan & Jack Gantos present problems of ADHD and being short in the novels by getting out of your comfort zone and facing your struggles, and it affects the main character's most on trying to fit in.
Joey Pigza Loses Control By Jack Gantos
Short By Holly Sloan
T H E S I S
A D H D
D W A R F I S M
Approximately 5 million people in the USA have dwarfism
In 2016, an estimated 6.1 million number of children have experienced ADHD
R E A L W O R L D C O N N E C T I O N S
“I was 32. I couldn’t handle the workload of a demanding job, even though I was capable of doing it well. I got treatment right away, and my life got better. I wish I had been diagnosed earlier. My college years would have been so much easier.” -Melissa H., Michigan
A young lady has dealt with many things due to dwarfism: "Jazz, who inherited the condition from her mother, was bullied at school for her size and has to adapt how she lives day-to-day to cope with the bigger world around her."(Christodoulou)
A young teen, Jazz, has dwarfism, proving this is a real-world topic, she dealt with bullying and had to figure out ways to deal with it.
B O O K C O N N E C T I O N S
The author shows what a dwarfs can look like, "That's when I realize he's not a kid
at all, because he has a beard!
So he's a little adult. He's the perfect Munchkin.(Sloan 23)
Sloan is explaining what people with dwarfism can look like. The man in the book, Quincy, is a dwarf and has found that being a Munchkin, in The Wizard of Oz, he has learned to fit in. He has made the most out of being small.
B O O K T O R E A L - W O R L D C O N N E C T I O N S
H O W O U R B O O K S C O N N E C T
C I T A T I O N S
P O E M C O N N E C T I O N S
P O E M T O R E A L - W O R L D C O N N E C T I O N S
The book talks about dwarfism, not specifically, but there are a few main characters that have dwarfism. They at first didn't fit in you could infer that. They had to learn to fit in and manage, and their way of doing that was through performing arts.
The poem is showing how dwaarfs may think of themselves and realize: "...being small, until I saw once, black against the snow, a shrew, stuck in my footprint, jump and fall..."(Hoban)
The poem connects to the real world. In "short", and "shorter" the poem, it talks about how a short person changes his/her perspective on being a dwarf. He/she did not feel comfortable being short and didn't fell like she fit in until she saw that shrew.
This poem shows that the person in the poem is kind of sad about how short he/she is. They then realize that they are not super short, and its not all too bad, and that they're just unique
People in real life, that are short sometimes have rough times. They feel that they know everything about being short. They don't know what else is in them except being short.
People in the real world have dwarfism and have to learn to blend in. The quote stalks about dwarfism, "She has a specially-adapted room at the college, with a lowered shower and step ladders so that she can reach shelves. Being small hasn't held me back at all and the staff have done loads to make sure I fit in."(Christodoulou) The girl, Jazzy, has found ways to fit in with her surroundings.
P O E M T O B O O K C O N N E C T I O N S
Both the poem and the book are about people being short, having dwarfism, and not fitting in because of that. In both the poem and the book they find how being short is not all too bad. They overcome and discover so many things about being short. Just because you're a dwarf certainly does not mean you're not beautiful.
C I T A I T I O N S
Christodoulou, Susie. “Life as a Teenager Growing up with Dwarfism.” BBC News, BBC, 11 July 2011, www.bbc.com/news/health-14066856.
Prinzen, Miles. “Honey Sandwich.” Elizabeth Honey - Official Website,
Sloan, Holly Goldberg. Short. Puffin Books, 2018.
Unlike others, Michigan just couldn't do the tasks she knows she can handle. It turned out she has ADHD. This can affect Melissa's ways of fitting in the crowd, because the ADHD may look like she's too "different", just watching her work.
Because Quincy is small, trying to blend is not the easiest. Other people may not think too much about it, but to Quincy, he may feel humiliation, loneliness, and self-pity.
"All I could imagine was the worst part of me getting on a train a long ways off. That old Joey was coming to get me and I couldn't do anything about it... There was nothing to do, but wait."
Joey is thinking and worrying about how his personal issues can kill his chance of bonding with his dad, whom he just met. Joey is scared about how his dark side can come out and ruin his courage.
The ADHD Joey has affects his way of building relationships with peers and adults; therefore, the only friends he has is his mom and Joey's Chihuahua, Pablo.
In the book, Joey meets his dad for the first time, and he's worried that he won't like Joey, or Joey himself will ruin the bond. The fact that Joey doesn't have a lot of people to have fun with scares Joey that he and his dad, Carter, won't get along.
In real-life, people with struggles like Joey don't have a lot of peers they can talk to, which eats away their hope of building relationships with just anyone.
“I always knew there was something different about me. In college, a professor suggested I get tested for a learning disability, even though I got As and Bs in grade school. It wasn’t until I was 32 that a doctor finally told me I had ADHD.” -Jenny Mooneyhan, Camden, South Carolina
I think people with ADHD is afraid that others will think of them differently and notice weaknesses, like how the professor could tell with the student.
"ADHD, how do I describe thee?
It is like a squirrel in a tree,
Oh, look a butterfly."
The poem explains how concentrating and remembering is very frustrating and hard.
People with ADHD disorder may not realize they are just special, and nothing about it should ever be used against them.
In real-life, Adhd and other struggles that others can do easily, may overlap the person's confidence and encouragement in themselves.
EX: In school you may have a hard time concentrating on one task, whether it's taking a test, reading something out loud, and more.
EX: In work, doing an order you got, may not be the easiest thing to accomplish unlike to others, which may frustrate the person.
The poem talks mainly about memory. Joey in "Joey Pigza Loses Control" has trouble realizing his mom's expressions, and can't remember what his mom told him before she dropped him off at his dad's.
Editors, ADDitude. “‘I Always Knew There Was Something Different About Me.".” ADDitude, ADDitude, 12 Sept. 2017, www.additudemag.com/adhd-diagnosis-stories/.