The Second Industrial Revolution was another great leap forward in technology and society. New innovations in steel production, petroleum and electricity led to the introduction of public automobiles and airplanes.
The revolution lasted from 1870-1914 and began in Britain in the late that then spread throughout Western Europe and later North America.
The 2nd Industrial Revolution also brought a lot of key inventors and inventions.
Key Inventors & Inventions
In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.
Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan finally perfected the design of the light bulb in 1879.
Samuel Morse invented the telegraph which greatly increased the ability of information to move from one location to another. Along with the creation of the telegraph, he invented morse code which is still learned and used today.
Elias Howe and Isaac Singer both were involved in the invention of the sewing machine. This revolutionized the garment industry and made the Singer corporation one of the first modern industries.
Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper which made the harvesting of grain more efficient and faster.
The Second Industrial Revolution transformed society in significant ways. Among the social effects that caused this revolution can include: Urbanization increased rapidly. The population moved into hastily built housing in cities to be nearer to the factories.
It also impacted the expansion of electricity, petroleum and steel.
During this time, steel began to replace iron, steel production made it possible for rail lines to be built at competitive costs, which further spread transportation.
In 1881, Great Britain was the very first country to install a public power station. Beginning in 1910, it was possible to power a residential area from one single station.