President Kennedy and his foreign policy and defense officials hold a meeting to discuss how to respond to the Cuban missile crisis challenge.
OCT 16, 1962
Two main courses are discussed:
1) an air strike and invasion
2) a naval quarantine with the threat of military action
Under President Kennedy, American military begins moving to bases in the Southeastern US. The intelligence find additional sites with 16-32 missiles.
OCT 17, 1962
Kennedy visits St. Matthew's Cathedral in observance of the National Day of Prayer.
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko makes a visit to President Kennedy. Gromyko states that their aid to Cuba is a defense, not a threat to the US.
OCT 18, 1962
OCT 19, 1962
Kennedy makes a trip to Ohio and Illinois for his campaign. Meanwhile, his advisors continue to debate their course of action.
Kennedy returns to Washington early and decides on the quarantine course. Naval units are deployed and the American people are notified.
OCT 20, 1962
OCT 21, 1962
General Walter Sweeney of the Tactical Air Command meets with President Kennedy to inform him that an air strike does not guarantee 100% destruction of the missiles.
Former Presidents Hoover, Truman, and Eisenhower are contacted by Kennedy in seek for their advice. As daily meetings continue, Kennedy reveals the evidence of Soviet missiles in Cuba and calls for removal.
OCT 22, 1962
As a naval quarantine is announced, the Soviet Union agrees to dismantle the missile sites.
With the involvement of the Organization of American States and the United Nations, the course continues.
The ships of teh naval quarantine fleet move around Cuba.
In response, Soviet submarines threaten the quarantine.
Kennedy moves on to meet with Ambassador Dobrynin at the Soviet Embassy.
OCT 23, 1962
OCT 24, 1962
After Kennedy's contact with Chairman Khrushchev, President Kennedy received a letter.
Chairman Khrushchev expressed his frustration and anger in feeling threatened and opposing to cooperate under such circumstances.
OCT 25, 1962
Kennedy continues to imply the urgency and reject any cooling period.
Soviet U.N. is aggressively confronted by US Ambassador Adlai Stevenson with photographic evidence of the missiles in Cuba threatening the US.
OCT 26, 1962
OCT 27, 1962
OCT 28, 1962
Nikita Khrushchev receives a letter from Fidel Castro, whom urges Khrushchev to threaten the US with a nuclear strike if an American were to invade Cuba.
After facing thirteen long days of dangerous threats, the Cuban missile crisis comes to its end. A public announcement is made through Radio Moscow, confirming the removal of all missiles in exchange for a pledge to not invade from the United States.
Washington receives another letter from Moscow, demanding the removal of Jupiter missiles.
Then an American U-2 plane is shot by a Soviet missile, killing an American pilot, Major Rudolph Anderson.
President Kennedy meets with Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin, agreeing to the terms where the Soviet Union removes the missiles from Cuba and America's pledge to not invade Cuba. The US also agrees to remove the Jupiter missiles from Turkey.
Khrushchev wrote to Kennedy, offering removal of the missile for lifting the quarantine and a pledge to not invade Cuba in return.