1975 - Issac Lora v. The Board of Education New York
This landmark case was a class action against the New York Public School system.
The Plaintiff claimed that the constitutional rights of the students in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 were being violated during procedures and at the facilities.
The defendant, New York Public Schools argued that there was lack of funds which hindered the procedures and facilities. The court ruled that in fact students rights were being violated and that they were being racially discriminated. The court also ordered for teachers to be retrained.
This ruling has supported the needs of students with disabilities by making sure school districts are treating students fairly and allowing due process.
This landmark case involved a student with a disability attending a religious school. Under IDEA because the parents chose to have their child attend that school, they will not receive the full services as they would in public school. The student will receive some services.
The plaintiff, K.R. 's mother, enrolled her in a private school after being informed the student would not receive services in the private school.
The defendant believed that the student was not entitled to a publicly funded service after the parent has decided on private schooling.
In the first court ruling, the public school was required to provide the service to the child. After an appeal, the court ruled that because private schools are governed differently than public schools, that school is responsible for the services that child needs. Once the public school has offered a service and the parent chooses another option, the public school has done what they are supposed to do and is no longer obligated.
This ruling has supported the needs of students with disabilities by making it fair for students to receive services. If a parent decides to send their child to a private school, it would not be fair that the student also receives publicly funded services and private education.