Benjamin Bloom developed a framework to determine student engagement in higher level thinking over 50 years ago (Cochran, 2016). This framework has been dubbed Bloom's Taxonomy and has been the cornerstone of educational practice for decades. Bloom covers cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains.
Bloom's Revised Taxonomy
With the advent and acceleration of technology it became very apparent that this framework needed to be updated. In the early 2000s David Krathwhol collaborated with others to revise this taxonomy. One of the main differences in the revised taxonomy is that each of the categories were renamed as verbs instead of nouns to shift more focus onto what the students were doing (Cochran, 2016). While the framework is organized from lower to higher order thinking skills every level of the framework is important and should be used (Heick, 2013).
Bloom's Digital Taxonomy
Technology and computers have made it possible to completely revamp the educational model. Bloom's Digital Taxonomy is a revision or update of the revised taxonomy to reflect the advances in technology and align 21st Century skills (Educational Origami, 2018). While this revision has been to accommodate for technological advances it is not about the technology but rather about how it is used to facilitate learning and improve outcomes (Educational Origami, 2018).
Every level of Bloom's Taxonomy is important and should be utilized (Heick, 2013). One way to incorporate many levels of the taxonomy is to manipulate lessons to engage students with creative projects. Creative projects are about extending information to find solutions or develop new ideas and engage students in analytical and evaluative thinking (Cochran, 2016).
There is a plethora of possibilities with Google from wikis and slides to quizzes and forms. One of the greatest attributes of Google suites is the ability for collaboration to occur with no borders. Students can work individually and share their work from wherever they are and any time. There is an incredible amount of flexibility with this resource. Depending on which Google application is being used there are a great many of the taxonomy levels that are achieved. Google is an amazing resource for students to create projects and presentations.
Plickers is a mobile app that allows students to anonymously respond to questions and get immediate feedback. This app also gives crucial formative assessment data to the teacher that will help guide instruction. This app aligns with remembering, understanding, and analyzing on the taxonomy as students answer questions and reflect on their results.