The North had a higher weapon production rate compared to the South because they were more industrialized. Having a higher production rate was a great advantage over the Confederacy.
The South did not have the industrial capabilities of the North. They had to get their artillery from federal forts and armories that were captured. Having a lack in the availability in weaponry was a major disadvantage.
There were two types of artillery that were generally used in the Civil War. The two types are known as smooth bores and
Smooth bores include howitzers and guns. Rifles included a variety of all types of rifled guns.
Howitzers and guns fall into the smoothbore category. The smoothbore guns were designed to fire solid shot projectiles at a high velocity. Howitzers are short-barreled guns that are optimized for firing explosive shells in a high trajectory. Rifles are designed for exceptional accuracy and during the war, the most commonly used rifle was the 3-inch rifle which was known for its outstanding durability.
A commonly used weapon during the civil war were woodruff guns. The woodruff guns were a deployment of two-pounder cannons. The cannons were mobile and could be moved around by horses. The Union was reluctant to buy the woodruff guns because the range was short and the shell was very light.
"Civil War 150 Interactive -- HISTORY.com." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.
"Field Artillery in the American Civil War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.