An earthquake is a shaking of the ground caused by movement of the Earth's crust.
Movements within the Earth’s crust cause stress to build up at points of weakness and rocks to deform.When the stress finally exceeds the strength of the rock, the rock fractures along a fault, often at a zone of existing weakness within the rock. The stored energy that is suddenly released as an earthquake!
HOW IT HAPPENS
EFFECT ON THE COMMUNITY
It often affects urban areas, with deficiencies, many number of victims with traumatic injuries. Many of the patients who survive these injuries present later complications that lead to morbidity and mortality, as well as many debris and material loss.
AWARDED BY FORBES MAGZ
1. Know the risk they face: people must know the type of threat to which they are exposed according to the environmental conditions (geography) and the place (infrastructure) in which they live.
2. Emergency family plan: in other words, how a family plans to act in response to a disaster such as an earthquake. This includes prior agreements on how to communicate in case of an emergency, which will be the meeting point, the preparation of an emergency backpack and a first aid kit, as well as the assignment of specific functions to each member, such as caring for people with difficulties, children or old people.
3. Prevention plans for the authorities: the authorities must work with the population to reduce the risks of disasters, such as an earthquake. In addition to food, clothing and kits, each local government should add to its disaster prevention programs elements that can be useful to better address an emergency as work tools that facilitate the rescue of survivors.