The Korean War began in 1950 and it was between "Communist" North Korea and "Capitalist" South Korea. The UN, with help from the U.S. aided South Korea in this war. North Korea had the help of the Soviet Union and China. This war is significant because it is the first time in the Cold War that countries are "forced to gain power and it is also the first time that a war happened during a nuclear age." The FLQ was a terrorist group that practiced kidnapping, bombing, and murders. The significance of this crisis is who they captured. They murdered Pierre LaPorte, who was very powerful at the time. Even though FLQ disbanded a long time ago, some Quebeckers still want separation from Canada to this day.
"Berlin, the capital of Germany, was divided between East and West since the end of World War II, with the Western powers occupying the Western portion and the Soviet Union occupying the East. This paralleled the global tension between the west and the USSR; capitalism/communism. Many families were split, while East Berliners employed in the West were cut off from their jobs. The soldiers on the eastern portion of the wall had orders to shoot any civilians who tried to cross over to the western side of the wall."
Major Events in the Cold War
The Cuban Missile crisis was the closest thing in the Cold War to another global conflict. Cuba was a communist country that was under the leadership of Fidel Castro. It was off the coast of Florida and was a point of contention in the United States due to its proximity. There was a failed land invasion of the island which led to a plot to assassinate Castro. Although, the USSR learned about this plot, and they sent ships with missiles to install Soviet nuclear missiles on the island. "This led to the United States sending a naval blockade of the island with the threat of firing upon USSR ships if they got too close. Khrushchev, the leader of the USSR, backed down from a confrontation, and the Soviet Union removed the missiles in return for an American pledge not to invade Cuba again."
Global Conflicts and Results
In 1948, the U.S. came up with the Marshall Plan, which was an idea that the USA would send money to help European countries after WWII to stop the spread of Soviet Communism. "As the Cold War escalated, so did the extent that the west (and primarily the United States) was willing to go to keep communism contained. The threat of communism was used to justify giving millions of dollars to political groups in other countries to fight against communism, fund military coup d’états of foreign governments, fund paramilitary groups to fight communists, and in many cases (especially in South America), fund the assassination of government leaders who were communist or were thought to be influenced by communism." (Study Guide).
The Spread of Communism
The 1991 Winter Olympics was a turning point for the countries that were fighting in the Cold War. The Calgary Winter Olympics were super important because showed which countries were superior without violence. The Soviet Union proved itself over all the other countries including the United States. Although Canada didn't do as well and ended with no gold, two silver, and three bronze.