has two hemispheres and has a highly folded surface.
referred to as the "emotional brain".It is found buried within the cerebrum
Brain stem responsible for basic vital life functions such as breathing,blood pressure,and heartbeat.
Aphasia is a disturbance is the comprehension and formulation of language caused by dysfunction in specific brain region.
A stroke occurs when part of the brain loses it blood supply and stop working.This also causes the part of the body that it control to stop working as well.
Dementia is the loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living,such as language and thinking.
- also known as cortex, which is the largest part of the human brain, associated with higher brain function such as thought and action.It is divided into: frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and temporal lobe.
Definition of Brain
Special structures of the Brain
How The Brain Works
The brain is the portion of the central nervous system that is enclosed within the cranium, continuous with the spinal cord, and composed of gray matter and white matter.It is the primary center for the regulation and control of bodily avtivities, receiving and interpreting sensory impulses, and transmiting information to the muscles and body organs.It is also the seat of consciousness, thought, memory, and emotion.
- Frontal lobe-reasoning,planning,emotions,movement
- Parietal lobe- orientation,recognition,movement
- Occipital lobe- visual processing
- Temporal lobe- perception and recognition of auditory stimuli,memory,and speech
Cerebellum is associated with regulation and coordination of movement,posture and balance.
Limbic system consist of:
Brain stem consist of:
- spatial awareness
- holistic awareness and dimension
- control the left side of the brain
The right brain is the creative brain and are responsible for:
The left brain is the logical brain which responsible for:
- linearity and sequence
- control the right side of the body
What happen in the brain when we learn something
When something is stored in the brain's memory,a chemical change in one or more neurons takes place.This chemical change reflect the new information.If that area of the brain is damaged,the memory is lost.
How we learn
- 10% is what we READ
- 20% is what we HEAR
- 30% is what we SEE
- 50% is what we SEE and HEAR
- 60% is what is DISCUSSED with OTHERS
- 80% is what EXPERIENCED PERSONALLY
- 95% is what we TEACH TO SOMEONE ELSE
Examples of Brain's Diseases
Aphasia is a neurogical disorder caused by the damage to the portions of the brain that are responsible for language.The person will have trouble understanding speech,and difficulty in reading and writing.