By Emma Hall and Olivia R
How does China meet the challenges created by a large and growing population?
The Three Plans
The three ways China wants to change
The rate of natural increase(RNI) is the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population.
Is a measure of the number of deaths in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
Rate of National Increase:
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The total number of live births per 1000 people in one year
Three Gorges Dam:
The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, located in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. The Three Gorges Dam is the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity.
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
Zero Population Growth:
The maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population
Designated areas in countries that possess special economic regulations that are different from other areas in the same country. Moreover, these regulations tend to contain measures that are conducive to foreign direct investment.
Is energy that can be efficiently used and is replenished naturally in a timely manner after use.
- As population of China grows, so does energy needed.
- They use
- Second largest energy consumption.
- Generated by water flowing through power plants in dams. They use
- One way to reduce is to install equipment. This is very
- Large deposits of coal, which pollutes the air when burned.
- As population of China grows, so does energy needed
- The largest dam in the world was built then called the Three Gorges Dam.
- It will drown 13 cities and 140 town.
- The dam will help river shipping.
- Will have more 26 electric generators.
- It is 600 feet high and more than 1.3 miles wide.
- After Mao’s death the government created to one child policy where each married couple was allowed only one child.
- They rewarded the people who followed it and punished those who did not.
- China is now limited to 2 children.
- The struggle with this plan is increasing aging population, and cultural clashes.
- People in rural situations want more children for more help on the farm, and china parents generally want boys for children.
- If families find out they are having a female they may end the pregnancy and try again.
- Today 120 boys are born for every 100 girls.
- This may lead for a shortage of wives for men in China.
- This also means less children to care for the elderly.
More On the One Child Policy
- Mao’s Goal was to make China self-sufficient.
- In 1966 Mao launched “cultural revolution” with the goal to create a new society in China.
- The Cultural Revolution was a disaster. Leader who are more interested in economic growth then self-sufficient took over.
- Opened to rest of the world hoping foreign companies would start business.
- But Government is too controlling so no foreign businesses showed up.
- They demanded more freedom. Solved problem by setting up SEZs.
- SEZs has created millions of new jobs which included jobs for migrant workers.
- This extra money, their families can improves their standard of living.
- SEZs had created problems and the gap between rich and poor is widening.
- Another problem was created by a “floating population” which is the lack of jobs therefore the loss of money to migrant workers.
The Three Plans
Many reports of parents killing or putting their female children up for adoption.
Most families prefer to have male children to carry on the family name and take care of the elderly family members.
The population of China increased dramatically during Mao's rule, because he believed large families lead to a stronger China.
If families broke the policy, they had to pay large fines.
There were fewer children to support elderly after retirement.
rapid population growth occurred also because sanitation and health care improved greatly, so the death rate dropped sharply. The birth rate also fell, but not as fast as the death rate
China’s population reached 1 billion in the early 1980s and exceeded 1.3 billion in the early 21st century, expanding by several million people each year.
Today 120 boys are born for every 100 girls. This may lead for a shortage of wives for men in China. This also means less children to care for the elderly.
Still, population control programs significantly lowered the country’s overall birth rate.