Freedom from Persecution
of North America
Religious groups like the Puritans, Pilgrims, Catholics and Quakers were PUSHED out of England because of their different beliefs and sought refuge in the colonies.
Since most countries in Europe were still absolute monarchies, colonists ventured to the New World in the hope of gaining more political freedom. This desire for more self-government eventually led to representative government in the colonies.
Some colonies, like Jamestown, were formed as a means for some to get wealthy. The English king sought to control the colonies through the economic policy of MERCANTILISM.
Because society in England was so rigid and there was very little chance of social mobility, poor farmers and the unemployed became indentured servants as a means of immigrating.
There are basically four MAJOR reasons for European colonization of North America. As you learn these you need to be able to distinguish between reasons that the GOVERNMENT of countries like England wanted to colonize and why the PEOPLE of England wanted to colonize.