Skis were used by Scandinavian farmers, hunters and warriors throughout the Middle Ages. By the 18th century, units of the Swedish Army trained and competed on skis. Before skiing was a sport that people competed in for medals and fame, it was used as transportation in as early as CE 500. The picture on the bottom left shows hunters and trappers on skis. The clothing and skis they use show that the picture was supposed to take place at least 500 years ago.
History of Skiing:
Early Modern Period:
Skiing has evolved greatly over time because of the new technologies and inventions. Skiing started to take off and become popular in the 1850's and has gained popularity ever sense.
TYPES OF SKIING
This is the most common type of skiing. Downhill skiing is offered at all ski resorts. Downhill skiing is when you ski down hills. There is usually a chair lift to get to the top of the hill. On big mountains, especially in the western United States, you may have to take more than one chairlift to get to the top of the mountain.
Cross Country Skiing:
Cross country skiing has been around long before cars, planes and trains. It was one of the earliest versions of transportation. Cross country is when you use your poles and your body strength to push forward, and it usually on flat surfaces, which makes it challenging to get around, if you aren't in shape, or are a beginner at X-country skiing.
This is cross country skiing
Mogul is a type of Alpine skiing which involves skiing over a series of large mounds of packed snow. Mogul skiing is different than downhill skiing because it puts a lot more pressure on your knees and your legs. It takes a lot of skill to be able to navigate and go smoothly over moguls.
Ski racing is another Alpine discipline which involves stiffer ski boots and course-specific skis. One type of ski racing is the slalom. Slalom skiers cut fast, tight turns on courses marked with gates at specific turning points. There are also downhill races, where skiers just fly down the hills and compete for time and skill.
"Freestyle skiing is a combination of many types of skiing, It also sometimes includes a snow board. When freestyle skiing, there you can go through half pipes, go mogul skiing, and do a variety of jumps and tricks. Many stunts are preformed while doing freestyle skiing.
Types of skiing, Continued
Boyne Mountain, MI
Jackson Hole Ski Resort, WY
Whitefish Mountain Resort, MT
Bolton Valley, VT
Alta, Ski resort, UT
Sundown Mountain Resort, IA
Wintergreen Resort, VA
This is a picture of how skiing has changed over time. Skiing has changed over time because as more technology is invented, better products can be invented. As new technology comes out, people realize that the latest skis are actually not the best skis, so they find ways to make the skis lighter, and smoother on snow.
SKIS IN THE 1800'S
These skis are made out of wood, and are very heavy, which makes skiing less smooth. They also are much harder to turn, when going down hills
These boots are not very warm, which means your feet would get colder fast, and you wouldn't be able to stay on the hills for as long. Modern technologies have made ski boots more functional.
Lighter, plastic skis with a honey comb pattern on the bottom of the skis make skiing smoother and more enjoyable. You can also guide your skis better and go faster.
The newest ski boots are warmer. They are also much easier to put on and take off, because they are now buckles instead of laces.
I have been skiing since I was 5 years old. Skiing is by far my favorite sport. I love being able to be outside in the winter, because all of the snow is very pretty. I love skiing at Boyne Mountain because you don't have to book a plane ticket to go out to ski, like you would out west, but you get pretty good skiing conditions. The hills in lower Michigan are very easy, so Boyne gives a little more of a challenge.
PERSONAL SKI EXPERIENCE
-When you go skiing, you have to take one or more chairlifts to get to the top of the hill. While you are on the chairlifts, there is beautiful scenery.
-Its great exercise. You can burn up to 700 calories in just a few hours! Since you have to be in a squatted form while you ski, it also increases your leg muscles.
Just 2 amazing views you will see out of the hundreds when skiing.
My sister and I skiing at Boyne!
"Cross-Country Skiing and Snowshoeing at Lone Mountain Ranch." Cross Country Skiing. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2015.
"A Short History of Skis." A Short History of Skis. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2015.