The city released a document known as the Collaborative Agreement in response to a 2001 lawsuit from Ohio’s ACLU chapter and the Cincinnati Black United Front. The suit alleged a 30-year pattern of racist policing practices.
The agreement sought to change how policing was done, with a focus on de-escalation and better data collection.
Some of what went into the review;
-the drivers' race
-time of day they were stopped
-location of the stops
-how long drivers were stopped
-how often drivers are searched
-how often contraband is found during a search
-how often drivers are cited
The community and city leaders were prompted to start revisiting the Collaborative Agreement after a sequence of fatal police shootings involving black men around the country. Court supervision of the agreement ended in August.
In updating the Collaborative, they've planned to add more formal review of critical stats, including;
-use of force
-and injuries to citizens and officers during arrests
The city hired the RAND Center on Quality Policing to do the analysis.
Ending the provision
The city hired the RAND Center on Quality Policing to do the analysis. In 2011, the police department brought the work in house. It ended in 2012, under then-Chief James Craig.
Since then, although officers are conducting far fewer traffic stops, an I-Team investigation found more and more of the people they pull over are black -- growing to 63 percent of all people stopped in a city where about 44 percent of residents are black.
The projected 2018 budget includes millions of dollars in expenditures related to the ongoing police reform efforts it agreed to with the Justice Department. They entered into the consent decree in 2015 following a Justice Department investigation that revealed decades of unconstitutional policing.
The consent decree required a series of technological upgrades, as the Justice Department found that Cleveland police uses out-of-date computers and equipment and lags far behind other mid-to-large-sized cities, allowing for police to be more carefully and accurately watched while on patrol and out on the field.
While the state had not yet completed that staffing study, it determined that hiring more officers is necessary. This resulted in state's plan to hire 150 more officers in large cities such as Cleveland in 2018, and 100 more in 2019.
Ohio found serious issues with the investigations OPS has undertaken. It has also found that there is a backlog of unfinished investigations that now stretch back to 2015. They rewrote the office's manuals, hired more full-time investigators and other temporary ones
Although there have been efforts made in reforming police procedures, standards and functions in the past, there still lacks clear data analysis which allows the state to examine their police officers, and inform law enforcement of their overall progress in ending racial profiling. There hasn't been much progress in the last two decades when looking at studies that have been made. The overall number of police stops have decreased, but the amount of those stops per year continue to carry a high percentage of black males involved. However, in more recent years (2018 soecifically), there has been a great amount of attention re directed to police reform. There has been a tremendous recognition of the problems with regulating and investigating police actions within the system. Although the progress has been slim, Ohio is beginning to get on their way to redefining a brand new and just policing system.