In 1881, Alexander III was Russia's czar. He created harsh censorship codes on published and in written documents. Alexander had secret police monitoring secondary schools and universities, and he had teachers send him full reports on every student. On the other hand, he sent political prisoners to Siberia while he targeted Jews.
As innovations were being made throughout the world, in Russia the number of factories doubled between 1863 and 1900 doubled. Their industry produced a lot of steel. In 1916 the Trans-Siberan Railway was finished and it's the longest continuing railroad.
The Bloody Sunday
As industrialization hit Russia, workers were forced to work in harsh conditions while receiving little pay. On January 22, 1905, workers and their families surrounded czar's Winter Palace in St. Petersburg petitioning for better work conditions. Nicholas' general order the soldiers to fire at the public. In the end, 1,000 of them were injured, yet several people died. Later that year they were promised better work conditions.
World War I
In the late 1800's Japan and Russia fighted to gain control over Korea and Manchuria. They both signed papers, yet Russia broke their promise, which lead to Japan attacking Russia's Port Arthur in February in 1904 and Russia lost horribly.
On March 8, 1917, as people shouted, "Down with the autocracy!" and "Down with the war!" Nicholas II was forced out of the throne, but a year later, his family was killed by a group of nobles. After they were killed, Russia failed to set up a decent government until the leader of Duma established the provisional government, which was a temporary government.
On June 28, 1914, the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife was assassinated. After both of them were announced dead, war broke out in 1914, between allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria), but it didn't end until 1918.