how did the empires in the classical era impose political unity on areas where previously there had been competing states
They would get killed if they opposed China, or enslaved them
Persia let the king that ruled the territory they conquered in charged as long as they pledge their loyalty to Persia and leaves a governor behind to keep an eye on the king in cased of betrayal, and they allowed them to keep their religion. however they have to pay tax
How did empires and states in the classical era develop new techniques of imperial administration
China believed in legalism, meaning it encourages the citizen to snitch on each other to save themselves, because they believe they you're equally as guilty as the criminal if you don't say anything. China was united through shi huang di, because they had the revolutionary weapon of the crossbow and had an aggressive way to move up ranks. what they did was if a soldier present the head of an enemy to their leader
Like said, before the Persian leaves one of their officials to watch over their officials to watch over the kings. They also allowed freedom of religion, therefore not giving it citizens not much reasons to rebel. However sometimes they do, for example when a collection of Ionian Greek city states rebelled, because
they didn't like their rulers, the persians have to go to war with them. The Persian also had a great mailing system
system. With most of their empire being on the silk road they got most their income from it. Persia was originally a small empire, how they got that large is because the king at the time Cyrus the great wanted to conquer the Median empire. He promised the people will be treated as equals
, they move up a rank. The reason why they wants to do that was because they gain benefits such as their own land, and slaves. They also was famous for it export and inport through the silk road
What unique social and economic features developed in the Classical Societies in Afro-Eurasia and the Americas
China used mostly peasant work, but they did used slaves also. How China made most of their income is through trade, with export such as silk, tea, and spices. The elites get their income through taxing the peasants. In the Qin dynasty, the people were kept in ignorance, but after di"s death and the hans dynasty started they were allowed to read books unlike before when books were illegal and were burnt.
Persia was one of the few countries in ancient history to forbid slavery, but being on the silk road they're main source of revenue is trading. they also herded for animals, because any empire need to have livestock otherwise it wouldn't function. The Persian empire also allowed much freedom to it citizens, and with little taxes. meaning that it wasn't bad living in the Persian empire
What factors lead to the collapse of the Hans and Persian empires
The fall of the Hans dynasty was due attacks from both the Huns and Xiangnu. However that wasn't solely the reason the Hans dynasty fell, it was the start of the problem. General Duong Zhuo was assassinated then put multiple puppet emperors in charged, meaning emperor who had no real power and were meaning controled. This lead to the collapse of the Hans dynasty
Persia collapse due to Alexander the great conquest and revenge for Punic wars, after the Persian King Darius died Alexander successfully conquered Persia and then it was absorb into Alexander's massive empire.