Francis Bacon was an English Renaissance statesman and philosopher, well known for his furtherance of the scientific method.
Influence on science
Known as the father of the Scientific Method.
Rejected Aristotle's philosophy and created the Baconian Method. This method required observations and experiments. This would later develop into the Scientific Method
Bacon's philosophy of observations and reasoning led the scientific revolution of the new era.
Francis' legal reforms influence the Napoleonic code and also common law systems.
Bacon devised a method so scientists could set up experiments t to prove their hypotheses wrong or right.
Bacon would insist they must doubt everything before assuming it was true.
Therefore, Francis Bacon developed a method so philosophers could find out the "truthfulness of knowledge".
During the Enlightenment, Francis Bacon continued the work of Roger Bacon strengthening the process. His method became: Empirical Observations, Systematic Experiments, Analyzing Experimental Evidence, Inductive Reasoning.
This helped create the scientific method later on.
Empiricist natural philosopher: studied the universe through the senses in order to gain knowledge.
Emphasized that religion and science should be separated, but still complementary to one another.
Belief that God created the physical work for humans to learn from; therefore, Adam and Eve's disobedience is justified.
Justification could only be achieved by religion and moral imperatives and widening of human's knowledge.
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“History of the Scientific Method - How Science Became Important.” Explorable - Think Outside TheBox - Research, Experiments, Psychology, Self-Help, explorable.com/history-of-the-scientific-method. Accessed 13 Mar. 2019.
Klein, Jürgen. “Francis Bacon.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford
University, 7 Dec. 2012, plato.stanford.edu/entries/francis-bacon/. Accessed 13 Mar. 2019.