Triad of Characteristics
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC)
Most people with ASD have difficulty interpreting verbal and non-verbal language. Understanding gestures and body language is difficult and similarly signalling correct body language is an obstacle.
People with ASD may not like communicating with people, especially people they do not know. When some people do not develop language skills in childhood, input from speech therapists can introduce alternative methods; communication systems, sign language and electronic speech devices.
and repetitive behaviours
Some of the challenges with social interaction include not being able to understand other people's emotions and feelings. People with autism have trouble understanding seeing things from another person's perspective.
They may come across as aloof or standoffish in their mannerisms.
People with ASD may prefer to be alone or with small groups with people they know. Perserverance is key to building relationships and consistency is vital to maintaining them.
D. M. Dornan
Unusual repetitive behaviours or a tendency to engage in a restricted range of activities are another core symptom of autism. Common repetitive behaviours include hand-flapping, rocking, jumping and twirling, arranging and rearranging objects, and repeating sounds, words, or phrases. Sometimes the repetitive behaviour is self-stimulating, such as wiggling fingers in front of the eyes.
1 in 100 people in the UK have ASD
Between 44 - 52% of people with autism also have a learning disability.
Ratio of 5:1 of males to females with ASD
Autism is a lifelong, developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people, and how they experience the world around them.
Autism is a spectrum condition which means that whilst all people with an autism diagnosis may share characteristics, it will affect each person in a different way.
High Functioning Autism (HFA)
Pervasive Developmental Disorder
The tendency to engage in a restricted range of activities can be seen in the way that many children with autism play with toys. Some spend hours lining up toys in a specific way instead of using them for pretend play. It can prove extremely upsetting if someone or something disrupts the order.
A source of education and information only, not intended to replace advice of a medical doctor, nurse or healthcare practitioner.