Old English is the earliest historical form of English Language
The period was from 400s to 1100s
Old English was spoken in England and some parts of Scotland during the early Middle Ages..
The first inhabitants were Celts or Scots
Then the Picts were the second
Finally, the Britain
They inhabited Ireland first and spread from there to the Isle of Man and Scotland.
They have left a number of inscriptions in the ogham alphabet from around the 4th century.
Celts in place to have contact with the Romans, and to regroup once the Romans left Britain altogether.
Romans as Anglis adopted as the nation name about 150 years after the original invasions.
Englaland- "land of the Angles"
The invasions began in 449 CE. The Jutes settled mostly in Kent, while the Saxons occupied Wessex and Sussex, the Angles sttled the noth of the Scotland.
Anglo-Saxon way of life was imposed upon the native people, as was the language.
They were made easier by the fact that they spoke closely related Germanic dialects of the Great North German Plain.
7 Germanic kingdoms were formed
By the late 8th Century, the Vikings began to make sporadic raids on the east cost of Britain. They came from Denmark, Norway and Sweden, although it was the Danes who came with the greatest force. Notorious for their ferocity, ruthlessness and callousness, the Vikings pillaged and plundered the towns and monasteries of northern England - in 793, they sacked and looted the wealthy monastery at Lindisfarne in Northumbria - before turning their attentions further south.
The Celts and the early Anglo-Saxons used an alphabet of runes, angular characters originally developed for scratching onto wood or stone. The first known written English sentence, which reads "This she-wolf is a reward to my kinsman", is an Anglo-Saxon runic inscription on a gold medallion found in Suffolk, and has been dated to about 450-480 AD.
Nouns and verbs had many inflectional forms and endings.
Vocabularywas influenced by Latin and Germanic languages.
Did not have a fixed word order.
Hasa, A. (2016). The difference between Old and Middle English. Retired from: https://pediaa.com/difference-between-old-and-middle-english/
Mastin, L. (2011). The history of Old English. (01). Retired from: https://www.thehistoryofenglish.com/history_old.html