World War II was devastating and bloody for all the countries that took part, causing economic problems along with heavy loss of life. The aftereffects had a large impact especially on the countries that had lost the war, including Germany. After Germany surrendered on May 8th, 1945 and Japan surrendered several months later, many documents and treaties were formed to prevent another catastrophic war in the future.
World War II
Germany was forced to give the Allies the authority and power of its government, allowing them to issue instructions and proclamations to the citizens of Germany. The German military also had to surrender its weapons and evacuate from all territories.
In the Yalta Conference in February of 1945, Germany was split into four parts ruled separately by the US, the Soviet Union, Britain, and France. This later played an important role in the Cold War.
The Potsdam Agreement later in August laid out plans for the Allies to change territorial boundaries of Germany. Millions of Germans who lived in German territory east of the Oder-Neisse line were forced to relocate as land was annexed.
As much as 80% of Berlin had been destroyed by bombing during the war, but citizens had to continue their lives in the remaining areas of the city. However, the ruined infrastructure along with the crops that had been destroyed during the war led to famine and hundreds of thousands of deaths over the next few years. The school system lacked resources, and many children had been orphaned by the war. Additionally, diseases like typhoid and dysentery were widespread and often left untreated as the hospitals were few and lacked resources. The economy was also hurt by the war as the value of German currency went down due to inflation and overprinting.