He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564.
He was a poet, an actor, a playwright and a shareholder.
Shakespeare's masterpieces are:
-Romeo and Juliet
-A Midsummer Night's Dream
Gulliver's Travels consists in a four books as the land that Gullivers visits.
There is the costant opposition between rationality and animality and the character are an istrument of satire.
The story is based on the real experience of a seaman and the setting is an Island in the Pacific Ocean. On the Island, Robinson Crusoe organises a primitive empire, that became the prototype of the English coloniser.
The novel is full of religious reference to God, sin and Providence.
He was born in London in 1757. He thought that the artist was the guardian of the spirit and the imagination.
Blake's most important lyrical verses are:
-Song of Innocence
-Song of Experience
This collection of poems contains the famous "Preface", the Manifesto of English Romanticism.
Poetry is an emotion recollected in tranquillity; through the re-creative power of memory, an emotion is repoduced and purified in poetic form so that become a second emotion.
He was born in Devonshire in 1772. He started an important collaboration with Wordswort and together they published the collection "Lyrical Ballads" wich includes his masterpiece: "The Rime Of The Ancient Mariner".
Under the influence of opium, Coleridge wrote the poem "Kubla Khan".
This unfinished poem is an epic satire where Byron uses his wit to exposes the hypocrisy of a rich society.
Byronic hero is a moody and mysterious Romantic rebel who hides same orrible secrets. He is an outsider, isolated and attractive; women cannot resist him, but he refuses theur love.
ODE TO THE WEST WIND
It's a lyrical composition in wich the wind represents a new spirit and power to spread ideas.
The poem is divided into five stanzas that consists of 14 lines; the rime is ABA, BCB, CDC, ...
Keats' idea of beauty consists in physical beauty (ispiration of art) and intellectual beauty (transience life).
Trough this sonnet, Keats expresses his wish to stay for ever with his love. The woman is like a bright star.
He was born in Portsmouth in 1812 and he had an unhappy childhood.
The protagonist of his autobiographical novels become symbols of an exploited childhood confronted with the sad realities of slums and factories.
The most importants Dickens' works are:
It contains the theory of evolution. Darwin discardes the version of creation gives by Bible and he shows that only the strongest will survive.
Darwin accepts "The Withe Man's Burden" of Kipling.
This poem is considered part of the dark romanticism genre.
It's a nightmarish narrative of a young man who, bereaved by the Death of his lover, constructs self-destructive mening around a raven's repetition of the word "nevermore"
He was born in Dublin in 1854 and ib London he became a fashionalble and extravagant dandy.
Wilde accepted the theory of "art for art's sake".
He wrote some stories and novels. Wilde's masterpieces are:
-The Picture of Dorian Gray
-The Importance of Being Ernest
Conrad thought that the writer's task is that to explore the meaning of human condition.
This story is told by Marlow, a sailor who started a voyage in Africa to search ivory.
Joyce wrote this novel in a moment of doubt about imperialist politics. It's riferred to the dark soul of western because dei exploited the colonies.
The novel can be read as a mythical journey in the human psyche and it's a giant metaphor.
He was born in Dublin in 1882 and was educated in a Jesuit school.
Joyce set all his works in Ireland and mostly in Dublin. He wanted to give a realist portrait of life and ordinary people.
He used epiphany and the interior monologue.
Joyce's masterpieces are:
-A Portrait Of The Artist As A Young Man
Ezra Pound is generally considered the poet most responsible for defining a modernist aesthetic in poetry.
He descibes images with simple language and great focus (Imaginism).
IN A STATION OF THE METRO
<< The apparition of these faces in the crowd;
Petals on a wet, black bough. >>
He was born in Missouri in 1888 and, after the War, the poetry became his only refuge.
Eliot was a modernist and had a new vision of the world.
He adopted the tecnique of the objective correlative that is a sequence of events or images used to express a certain emotion and evoke it in the reader.
Eliot thought that the poetry makes those to read it, not one who writes it.
Eliot wrote some verses as:
-The Wast Land
-Il Miglior Fabbro-The Better Craftsman
The Great Gatsby describes and criticizies the American lif during the Jazz Age.
Fitzgerald emphasised the opposition between West and East, the corrupted world of money, the romantic ideals and he describes the material success and the moral blindess.
During the Fisrt Worls War, a groups of poets was born. They rapresented the warfare in a realistic and unconventional way to awaken the conscience to the horrors of the war.
The most important war poets are: