The pope presented a speech in 1095 which gave rise to the crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to go to war against the Muslims in an effort to recapture the Holy Land.
The First Crusade:
The First Crusade was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Land, called for by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095.
Count Stephen of Blois:
Stephen was the head of the army council at the crusaders siege of Nicaea in 1097. He returned home in 1098 during the lengthy siege of Antioch.
Saladin’s triumph over the European Crusaders came at the Battle of Hattin in 1187. This made the way for Islamic re-conquest of Jerusalem and other Holy Land cities in the Near East.
was the founder of the Japanese Soto school, which he introduced to Japan following his studies in China.He believed that the practice of shikantaza is the natural expression of our true nature, and he is remembered as one of Japan’s greatest religious thinkers. Led the practices of Zen Buddhism into Japan.
The essence of Zen is attempting to understand the meaning of life directly, without being misled by logical thought or language. Eihei played an important role on the learning and applying zen buddhism.
William (a Franciscan ambassador) travels to Mongolia to convert the mongols to christianity, but fails. Instead he got many good views on how the mongol society was and the views on their dwellings, and cultural and traditional practices.
On June 14th 1325 Ibn rode out of Tangier on a donkey which was the start of his journey to Mecca. He entered Mecca in mid-October 1326. He returned home in 1349 to Tangier
Mansa left his home around 1324 to make the ‘hajj’ (pilgrimage to Mecca.) He passed through Alexandria which was the place he gave away a lot of gold that he had brought will him on over 100 camels. He built houses in Cairo and Mecca and Mecca. While he was traveling through, merchants from Venice spread the news that Mansa had enormous wealth.
Polo went on a 24-year trip to China during the Mongol Dynasty. He left Venice the age of 17 on a boat that went through the Mediterranean Sea, Ayas, Tabriz and Kerman. Then he travelled across Asia getting as far as Beijing. He had someone to record his stories.
Ibn Khaldun, who lost his parents and a number of his teachers during the Black Death in Tunis, recognized the import of the pandemic for Islamic civilization. He recorded information about the plague.
Jean De Venette:
She recorded the progresses of the plague and how it was affecting people in France. This was important because historians are able to have a deeper look into how people were affected during those times.
The Black Death:
The Black Death was one of the most feared diseases in the 13th- 14th century. It was a type of plague that was spread via the bite of infected rat fleas. The name Black Death came from the swollen buboes (glands) in the victim's neck, armpits, and inner thigh that turned black as they filled with blood.
1348-139 (in France)
From 1405 until 1433, the Chinese imperial eunuch Zheng He led seven ocean expeditions for the Ming emperor that are unmatched in world history. 1405-07 was the first expedition. The second expedition was 1407-1409. The third voyage was 1409-1411. The fourth voyage was 1413-15. The fifth voyage was 1417-19. The 6th expedition was 1421-22. The seventh and final voyage was 1431-33.