The Bacteria C. Difficile also know as Clostridium Difficile (What).
The size of C. DIfficile is 3-4 µm (Clostridium). C. Difficile is rod shaped, anaerobic, spore forming, and endosporic (Problem).
C. Difficile travels to the intestine, and it begins to secrete toxins which damage the cells. This causes cell fluids to leak out of the cell. The excess fluids in the intestines cause diarrhea (Kirk). Victims with this bacteria suffer from diarrhea, fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, nausea (What). C. DIfficile can be spread if you touch something that has C. DIfficile spores on them (Prevent).
The most common victims of C. Difficile are elderly people age 65+, healthcare professionals dealing with a patient with C. Difficile, and other patients in a hospital (Your). Taking antibiotics for more than a week can increase your risk of contracting C. Difficile (Your). Also, if you have had the disease before you have an increased risk of getting it again (Your).
C. Difficile can be found living in feces (Public). C. Difficile can also live for a time on objects in the home environment such as bed sheets, bathroom appliances, and medical equipment (Prevent).
Most cases of C. Difficile are nonfatal, and victims will only suffer from severe stomach problems, dehydration, and nausea, but in extreme cases C. Difficile can lead to severe intestinal conditions, sepsis, and death (Your).
Many people in the United States are infected with C. Difficile every year. Each year almost 500,000 people will suffer from C. Difficile in the United States (What).
The most effective method of preventing the spread of C. Difficile from person to person is washing your hands frequently and after you use the restroom, showering regularly, clean surfaces in the home often, and wash your bed sheets. (Prevent).
C. Difficile can be found in the intestines of every 1 out of 30 people, but it may not show its affects or cause any damage. Other helpful bacterias in the intestines may be keeping it from manifesting into its harmful form (Biomaster).
“Biomaster.” Addmaster Additives for Industry, www.addmaster.co.uk/biomaster/bacteria-facts/ten-facts-about-c-diff.https://www.addmaster.co.uk/biomaster/bacteria-facts/ten-facts-about-c-diff
Kirk, Joseph A, et al. “Characteristics of the Clostridium Difficile Cell Envelope and Its Importance in Therapeutics.” Microbial Biotechnology, John Wiley and Sons Inc., www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5270738/.www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5270738/
“Prevent the Spread of C. diff” | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/cdiff/prevent.htmlhttps://www.cdc.gov/cdiff/prevent.html
Public Health Agency of Canada. “Fact Sheet - Clostridium Difficile (C. Difficile).” Canada.ca, 2 May 2014, www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/infectious-diseases/fact-sheet-clostridium-difficile-difficile.htmlhttps://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/infectious-diseases/fact-sheet-clostridium-difficile-difficile.html.
“The Problem of Clostridium Difficile (C.diff).”Microbewiki,microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/ The_problem_of_Clostridium_difficile_(C.diff).https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/ind ex. php/The_problem_of_Clostridium_difficile_(C.diff)
“Your Risk of C. Diff” | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,https://www.cdc.gov/cdiff/risk.htmlhttps://www.cdc.gov/cdiff/risk.html
“What Is C. Diff? | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/cdiff/what-is.html.https://www.cdc.gov/cdiff/what-is.html