Background: Signed August 23rd 1939, the Non Aggression Pact was an agreement signed between the Soviet Union and Germany to ensure that they wouldn't go to war for 10 years. It was later broken in June 1941 when Germany decided to invade the Soviet Union to gain power over Europe. This relates to the question "How do alliances create conflict", as it depicts the complications of creating a alliance with Germany. Germany made the decision to invade their ally out of desperation. They needed all the power that they could obtain to become the strongest world power. Germany created conflict with its ally, and this betrayal shows how allies can create conflict.
EQ Relation: The world learned to not make such hasty treaties. In the beginning President Roosevelt had told the Soviets that Germany was bound to break the treaty that was signed, yet the Soviets didn't listen which resulted to this betrayal. The world was surprised when the pact was signed, yet the Soviets stuck to their beliefs. The world learned that a trust factor should be present when signing a pact or treaty.
Background: When Hitler became the Führer of Germany, he had a profound hatred towards those of Jewish descent, saying that they were the reason Germany lost WWI. The Holocaust beginning in 1941, was meant to "Ethnically cleanse" Germany . The overall goal was to commit genocide on the Jewish. About 2/3 of the Jewish population was eliminated during the Holocaust via various killing methods. The Holocaust ended in 1945, where every camp began getting liberated by the U.S. This relates to the question "How does intolerance lead to genocide?" because it depicts how the hatred towards these people of inferiority caused genocide. The Nazis and their dictator needed someone to blame for the loss of WWI, so they decided to blame those of Jewish descent. This created the intolerance that most Germans held for the Jewish. This later resulted in the mass killings and near genocide of the Jewish.
EQ Relation: The Holocaust taught the world about the cruelty of genocide. The Holocaust had become one of the world’s most well-known genocides, and it showed to the world just how cruel and inhumane the thought of genocide truly was and how it was a slow but efficient process.
Japanese Internment Camps
Background: After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, America went on high alert and passed Executive Order 9066 on February 19th, 1942. This order had Japanese Americans sent to internment camps under suspicions that they had coalition with the Axis powers. The camps were similar to that of Concentration camps, where in this case the Japanese were dehumanized and killed. America was able to seclude all their wrongdoings by proving to the public that these camps were keeping the Japanese "safe" via commercials and other forms of publicity. This relates to the question of "How did America use democracy to its advantage?" because it depicts how America utilized its democracy in order to convince everyone else that what they were doing was truly just even though it wasn’t. With democracy, America was able to lie to the the rest of the world in order to do what they wanted to. That is how they used it to their advantage, and nobody was there to stop them.
EQ Relation: This taught the world just how nothing is what it may seem. America was able to hide the Japanese Internment camps just like how Germany was able to seclude the truth about the concentration camps. It taught the world the method of manipulation and how easy it was to trick individuals into believing different ideologies.
The Dropping of the Atomic Bomb
Background: The atomic bombs were America's last stand against the Japanese. The bombings occurred the year 1945 to make the attempt for the Japanese to surrender. They succeeded, but the aftermath left Hiroshima and Nagasaki in ruins, killing over thousands and thousands and leaving cancer-causing radiation to reside in those areas. This relates to the question "At what cost do you end war?" because it shows us what we did to end the war. We made various innocent lives suffer the consequences by either killing them or making them suffer radiation burns and increased chances of having cancer. It is told that there is still radiation in Hiroshima and Nagasaki today, as there is no safe way of making radiation disperse.
EQ Relation: This taught the world the result of warfare. It showed us the impact that any form of nuclear utilization would have on an environment and its people. These bombs left Hiroshima and Nagasaki in shreads, but those were only short term effects. The long term effects that followed were higher chances of cancer, radiation burns, etc.
WWII was a very long fought battle and we have learned much from it. The world learned one valuable lesson, that war can only get worse and will continue to get worse if it goes on. Beginning with WWI, it brought the world into mass distress but desperate measures such as the atomic bombs were not present. Then came around WWII, which the consequences of this war was much worse. Hitler almost accomplished his goal of genocide, the Japanese were stubborn and never stood down, and we utilized weapons we were practically oblivious to because we needed to end the war. The lesson we can learn from WWII is that war will cost something. Whether it be lives, land, or any form of mental distress, war is problematic and will cost something from someone.
Essential Question: What lessons did the world learn from WWII?