Conquest of the New World
Christopher Columbus lands in Hispaniola, thinking he is in India.
The Treaty of Torsedillas is implemented. which split the newly discovered lands between Spain and Portugal.
Columbus creates city of La Isabela in current day Dominican Republic.
Balboa becomes the first person to see the Pacific Ocean from the Americas. Shows people that there is another ocean.
Fall of the Aztecs to Hernan Cortes and the Spanish.
Fall of the Mayans to Pedro de Alvarado.
Protestant reformatin begins, establishes Protestantinism as a religion, leads to questioning of church and the Jesuits, which impacts the conquest of the new world.
First printing press is brought to the new world, contributes to the development of writing in the New world.
Portugal begins to establish colony in Brazil.
Francisco Pizarro takes advantage of the weakenes Incas due to a recent bout with disease, and invades, eventually using the current leader as a puppet.
Silver is first discovered by Spain, leads to mounds of wealth in the New World.
Bartolome de las Casas begins to advocate for the rights of native Americans. As a result of this, and the fact that natives die from disease easily, countries began to rely more heavily on slaves.
St. Augustine, the first permanent Spanish city is established.
Britain defeats the ships of the Spanish Armada and becomes the power in the Atlantic Ocean.
British East India Company is created and begin to establish trading posts in India.
First colony of england is established in Jamestown, VA.
Santa Fe, the capital of Mexico is founded and buit due to the wealth of the European empires. Also, James Hudson discovers the Hudson river in North America.
Galileo invents the telescope, and revolutionizes the field of astronomy.
Because of the strenghtening of the slave trade in the past 100 years, slaves first arrive in the English colony of Jamestown, to work on the growing plantations.
Dutch seize part of Brazil from Spain in order to control its profitable sugar trade. In 1654, Spain is able to expel the Dutch from their territory.
Gold strikes in Minas Gerias, cause Portugal to have claims to the gold found in their Brazilian colony. Because of this, their economy booms.
By this point, most European countries, such as England and France, have their own plantation colonies, and no longer have to go straight into conflict to have a role in the new economy.
Marquis of Pombal comes to power in Portugal, expels Jesuits in 1759. Economic reforms, and authoritarianism.
War of Spanish Succession started by death of Charles II, leads to a decrease in the power of Spain.
Bourbon dynasty comes to power in Spain. Implement the Bourbon reforms throughout their rule(all throughout the 18th century), such as strengthening their army/navy.
Height of gold rush/production, boosted economy, but limits industrial growth in home countries of Spain/Portugal.