Dr. Manuel Antonio Muñoz Borrero was born in Cuenca, Ecuador in 1891
Borrero was appointed Consul to Stockholm in 1931
Hitler declares that the outbreak of war would mean the end of European Jewry.
Germany invades Poland, initiating World War II in Europe.
SS authorities establish the largest concentration camp complex of the Nazi regime.
1941,Jewish Badge SEPTEMBER 1
1941,Operation Reinhard OCTOBER 15
The ghetto was enclosed by a wall that was over ten feet high, topped with barbed wire.
Titanic sank at 2:27 a.m
All Jews over six years of age in the Reich, Alsace, Bohemia-Moravia and the German–annexed territory of western Poland (called the Warthegau) are ordered to wear an identifying badge.
The plan to annihilate Jews in occupied Poland will lead to the murder of some 1.7 million innocent people.
Munoz Borrero was fired in January 1942 and the Ecuadorian government informed the Swedish government of his termination, The Swedes did not confiscate the consulate archives, as requested by Ecuador, so the seals and documents remained in Munoz Borrero's possession.
In 1941, with the assistance of the Chilean Consulate, Dr. Munoz Borrero sent some 80 passports to Istanbul for distribution to Poles, most of whom were Jewish.d short body of text
1940, Warsaw Ghetto Sealed NOVEMBER 15
1942, Wannsee ConferenceJANUARY 20
1942, Roundups of Norwegian Jews OCTOBER 26
1943 Bergen- Belsen
1943, Identity Card Used in Hiding AUGUST 23
1943, Danish Jews EscapeSEPTEMBER 20
Reinhard Heydrich convenes the Wannsee Conference and presents plans to coordinate a European-wide “Final Solution of the Jewish Question.”
With the assistance of collaborationist Norwegian officials, the Germans begin rounding up Jews in Norway.
The issue of these passports was contrary to the orders of the Ecuadorian government, thus making it unlikely that it would have been rehabilitated by his government.In the final analysis, the Ecuadorian passports sent from Sweden to Poland via Istanbul did not save their new owners. One group of Jews with Latin-American citizenship, including those with Ecuadorian passports, was deported to Bergen Belsen, and was murdered in October 1943.
Identity card used by Kurt I. Lewin while he was in hiding in a Studite monastery in Poland.
From September 20 into October, approximately 7,200 Danish Jews escape to Sweden.
1944, Vittel camp in France
A second group of Polish Jews with foreign passports, among them 10 with documents from Ecuador, was sent to the Vittel camp in France, but this proved to be only temporary - at the end of April 1944 they were deported to Auschwitz.
1944, Auschwitz Report JUNE 18
1944, Attempt to Assassinate Hitler JULY 20
1945, Soviet Forces Liberate Auschwitz JANUARY 27
1945,Hitler Commits Suicide APRIL 30
Auschwitz ReportJUNE 18, 1944Between June 18 and 22, 1944, the Auschwitz Report, written by two Slovak Jewish prisoners who escaped from Auschwitz on April 7, 1944, goes public worldwide through media channels in Switzerland.
German military officers attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler in his East Prussian headquarters at Rastenburg.
Of this group of Jews, 96 were deported to Bergen Belsen. Borrero as Righteous Among the Nations, among them Betty Meyer, née Eichenhauser. One day, Betty and her mother, who had emigrated from Germany to Holland, received two Ecuadorian passports in their names. Thanks to those passports, Betty and her mother were spared deportation to the East. They were sent to Bergen Belsen, and from there, to Switzerland by train in January 1945, as part of a prisoner exchange, thus surviving the Holocaust.
The Soviet army enters Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Monowitz and liberates around 7,000 prisoners, most of whom are ill and dying.
2011 , Righteous Among the Nations
On February 28, 2011, the Commission for the Designation of the Righteous Among the Nations at Yad Vashem decided to award Dr. Manuel Antonio Munoz Borrero the title of Righteous Among the Nations.
Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker in Berlin.