To what extent is Zimbabwe's condition today affected by imperialsim and its legacy
timeline of British Imperialism In Zimbabwe
1930s to 1960s
Cecil Rhodes' British South Africa Company (BSA) gains a British mandate to colonise what becomes Southern Rhodesia.
Pioneer column of white settlers arrives from south at site of future capital Harare.
BSA administration ends, the white minority opts for self-government.
Black opposition to colonial rule grows. Emergence in the 1960s of nationalist groups - the Zimbabwe African People's Union (Zapu) and the Zimbabwe African National Union (Zanu).
Veteran pro-independence leader Robert Mugabe and his Zanu party win British-supervised independence elections. Mugabe is named prime minister. Independence on April18th is internationally recognised.
timeline of British Imperialism In Zimbabwe cont.
Smith unilaterally declares independence under white minority rule, sparking international outrage and economic sanctions.
Economics Before and After IMperialism
Before imperialism in 1889, the government in Zimbabwe relied mostly on the resources. The economic power of the Rozwi Empire was based on cattle wealth and farming, with significant gold mining. They also controlled the ivory and gold trade in Africa.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy for over 70 percent of the population, although manufacturing accounts for about 25 percent of the gross national product (GDP) and is the most important macroeconomic sector. Economic decline began in the mid-1980s, when foreign demand for minerals dropped, and this situation was worsened by the impact of several droughts and structural adjustment policies that have had a disproportionate impact on the poor.
Politics Before and After IMperialism
There were multiple rulers of Zimbabwe. Their pre colonized government ran on a monarchy. Their rulers lived in the “Kingdom of Zimbabwe”. They controlled and monitored all activity in the country.
Zimbabwe is a parliamentary democracy headed by a president. Although the president is elected by direct vote in advance of party elections and holds office for six years, the term during which a party can control the government is five years.
Religion Before and After IMperialism
Creating one of the first and only monotheistic religions in Africa, Natives channeled all prayers to the supreme creator, Mwari (God), through family ancestors. In times of trouble and misfortune worshippers consult a spirit medium for advice, for they are believed to have direct contact with the ancestors.
85% of the region practices Christianity which is about 10,200,000 people, 3% practice traditional African religions which is about 320,000 people, less than 1% practice Islam which is about 80,000 people, and 12% are non-religious which is about 1,400,000 people.
Zimbabwe has not been helped in any aspect of their nation as a result of imperialism, except for the structure of their government. Zimbabwe used to be ruled by a confusing and disorganized set of kings, but now the are a parliamentary democracy. Their economy is totally relied on a few crops, but with other African nations like South Africa growing the same crops, it is hard to make a profit. Europeans did that, because they had the natives growing only the crops the Europeans needed. Another aspect that Zimbabwe has improved on is gender equality. Even after imperialism, Zimbabwe was reluctant to change laws on gender equality. But, finally, Zimbabwe proudly sees men and women the same way in the eyes of the law. Men and women are not exactly equal, but that is the case for most nations and has already started to be fixed. In conclusion, We feel that Zimbabwe’s condition today, especially economical, is directly affected by imperialism and its government.