Obesity is highly prevalent in the U.S., ranging from 20 to 35 percent.
Typically, urban areas experience higher rates of overweight and obesity.
Variances in obesity prevalence are determined by a number of social and lifestyle factors.
Social determinants of over-nutrition
U.S.'s Public Health Approach to Over-nutrition
The U.S. has implemented various interventions to curb the rising rates of overweight and obesity, which countries can adapt to their dual disease burden setting.
U.S. agencies have developed strategic plans to address the well-being of Americans, and include food assistance programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).
DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT A NATIONAL STRATEGIC PLAN
UTILIZE DONOR FUNDS
ADVOCATE FOR NEW AND IMPROVED POLICIES
CONDUCT PROPER SURVEILLANCE & MONITORING
Countries eligible for donor funding should request funds to create an enabling environment for the country's food system and community programs. The U.S. has previously created vans with nutritious grocery items for sale in lower income neighborhoods and provided incentives for shopping at farmer's markets.
Taxes on sugars, corn subsidies, and even a tax for polluting the environment could be beneficial legislation, as seen in the U.S.
Multiple U.S. agencies like the National Institute for Health (NIH) currently survey and monitor the trends in nutrition throughout the country and inform the government, food industry, and implementing partners on required changes to nutrition programs.
By implementing similar interventions, countries can make progress on the global nutrition goals