The world's longest civil war - 'a textbook example of ethnic cleansing'
Internal Conflict in Myanmar
Humanitarian access to Rakhine State and areas in Northern Myanmar have been restricted by the Myanmar government and military, preventing aid from reaching thousands of people.
It is widely accepted among NGOs and the international community that in Myanmar there is a government-led campaign of murder, arson, and sexual violence, as an expression of religious and cultural intolerance.
There have been a range of internal conflicts in Myanmar, particularly influenced by a military coup in 1962 leaving the military (the Tatmadaw) in power. The current major conflict is in the Rakhine State, on the border with Bangladesh.
Rakhine State is the poorest state in Myanmar, with a poverty rate of 78%. The combination of poor infrastructure, lack of employment and general poverty has fueled tensions between the Rohingya and the Buddhists in Rakhine State.
Conflict deaths since 2017
According to the ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights (APHR),
Rohingya children in Bangladesh have reported losing at least one parent, leaving more than 43,000 Rohingya missing and presumed dead.
The government estimates around
OF 1.3 MILLION BURMESE ROHINGYA...
INTERNAL CONFLICT IN MYANMAR - A HISTORY
Internal conflicts have been present in Myanmar since the country's independence from Britain in 1948. The areas in red on the map are the major fronts for these conflicts. Rakhine State is the isolated area in the West.
Of the 925,700 Rohingya in Bangladesh have only been displaced into Bangladesh since 2017
Rohingya remain internally displaced within Myanmar
Rohingya currently in refugee camps in Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh
The government has instituted laws that discriminate against Rohingya, such as those that restrict freedom of movement, education, freedom of religion, marriage, and employment.
Square kilometres of buildings burned down in Northern Rakhine State, as part of targeted arson campaign towards Rohingya areas
Breaking up families
Military campaign against Rohingya
Children under 18 acting as heads of households for their younger siblings, taking on the primary caregiver role
Types of acts that constitute 'crimes against humanity' (according to the International Criminal Court) have been documented in Myanmar