Today, the world realised that intolerance is the first step to mass killings and genocide, targeting a specific ethnic or cultural group. However, not all of the world has learned their lesson, and history does repeat itself. People today still divide and separate people based off of stereotypes and socioeconomic status, from school or in personal life. Genocides still happen in modern times, where countries have "civil wars" where in reality it is the country attacking a certain ethnic minority within their borders that they deem shouldn't be there simply because of their ethnicity. Take the Rwandan genocide as an example. Happening only 30 years ago, the majority of Rwandan people were Hutu, slaughtered the minority, the Tutsi people. 800,000 people were slaughtered in only 100 days, all because the world didn't learn the lessons taught by the Holocaust.
In August, 1934, Paul von Hindenburg, President of Germany, died, and in his place Adolf Hitler declared himself Führer (or dictator). Shortly afterwards, Nazis saved Germany's economy from rock bottom, allowing more Germans to support the Nazi movement. This event is what solidified Hitler's power over Germany, and is what lead to the largest amount of Nazi supporters within Germany. On a related note, Hitler himself was extremely intolerant, especially against Jews, as described in the book Mein Kampf, Hitler's strong beliefs of territorial expansion, a racially pure state, and the elimination of Europe’s Jews, is a driving motivation for Nazis even before Hitler's rule. However, Nazis weren't always intolerant. The intolerance was slowly built up over time. In fact many Nazis were initially fine with Nazis because of Hitler's work as a leader, leading Germany to become a better country, so they ignored any radical Nazi ideas. However, it was those radical Nazi ideas that Nazis were so intolerant about. Hitler knew, of course, that intolerance can't be built up in one day, so Hitler decided utilized newspapers and other forms of propaganda in order to make the German population less accepting and more discriminatory towards Jews. Hitler also performed various public acts to defame the Jewish name, such as the Reichstag fire, where Hitler burned down the German parliament building and blamed the communists or Jews, making many Germans hate the Jews. Another public anti semitic event was Kristallnacht, where the Nazi government supported public attacks and raids on Jewish owned businesses, homes, and synagogues. Firefighters were ordered to only fight the fires on German homes, allowing fires to continue on several synagogues. All of these public anti semitic demonstrations eventually lead to the mass intolerance of Jewish people within Germany. In Germany's minds, Hitler was a new hope for Germany, saving the economy and removing the Jewish problem from Germany. This intolerance against Jews lead to the widespread German support of the creation of concentration and death camps, which at their peak killed 6,000 Jews every day, within Germany's territories, and Germany's victory over France only increased the nationalistic way of thinking. In short, it was the intolerance built up over time that lead to the mass genocide that was the Holocaust.
Today, the world learned that alliances should be made not for times of war, but in times of peace. This is because alliances made in preparation for war just escalate conflict into larger situations. Take the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, made shortly after the end of World War II, it was an alliance made between America and many European countries to aid and assist them economically after the war. This shows that the world learned that alliances invite and expand conflicts, so they began to create alliances that purely benefit countries in a non-militaristic way, neither creating nor expanding conflicts.
The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, or the Nazi-Soviet Pact was signed in August 1939, where Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to cease all fighting between them for 10 years. However, more importantly, Germany and Russia agreed on a joint invasion of Poland that September. There were two conflicts created due to this alliance. The main conflict was between Germany and the alliance of Britain and France. This conflict was made not by the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, as Germany only invaded Poland (and the Soviet Union planned on doing so but couldn’t). The reason why Great Britain and France got involved was because they were both in an alliance with Poland. This initial conflict, caused by the alliance between Germany and the Soviet Union, escalated into a Europe-wide war because of other alliances, as Poland was allied with much larger, more important countries. Another way alliances can cause conflicts is when they are broken. Hitler did not necessarily invade the Soviet Union because of the Nazi-Soviet Pact, however the alliance was made so that each could benefit. However, acquiring land is a zero sum game, in order to acquire land another must lose land. So once it got to the point where Germany felt the Soviet Union began to take Germany’s land, Germany fought back, making the non-aggression part of the pact useless. In other words, the alliance that allowed the two countries to flourish also allowed them to attack each other, thereby showing alliances creating conflict.
People today have essentially been disillusioned by the government propaganda of old. Thanks to the internet, freedom of speech and press has run rampant, the government won't be able to do anything without any American citizens criticizing it. What the world has learned is not to get taken advantage of, because the U.S. took advantage of them, and therefore democracy. This speaking out and openness of criticism is omnipresent anywhere on the internet, however any recent controversy surrounding the government is a good example. Take Trump's Wall. DIsregard any opinion on whether or not it is right, however if the internet or television weren't a thing, and the government used propaganda, there wouldn't be nearly as big a controversy. If the only news people get about the wall was good news, and the press bringing only positive articles about the wall, just as they did for Japanese internment camps, way less people would be upset about it, and many would likely see it as a necessity for national security. The lack of internet or television also prevents protesters from spreading nationwide, which is good for the U.S. brining the people to their side. Of course, through the use of T.V. and internet, people are no longer so easily manipulated, the world has learned to to be taken advantage of.
In February, 1942, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, issuing clearance for the Army general of the coast, John DeWitt, to empty parts of California, Oregon, Washington and Arizona. The War Relocation Authority would force these Japanese Americans into “assembly centers,” or racetrack barns and fairgrounds, for months on end, until they were shipped to ten “relocation centers,” within remote areas in the interior West and Arkansas. The “relocation centers” were primitive and heavily secured, lacking common luxuries such as heat, shelter, an company. All of this happened to only Japanese Americans, not German or Italian Americans or other members of the Axis Powers. While targeting a group of people purely off of ethnicity may cause an outrage in America today, America was able to get away with it then by utilising democracy to its advantage. The United States was able to utilize Democracy to its advantage through the deception of the American people. For example, the government and the press tend to utilize euphemisms to make the internment camps sound less severe. In fact, even the name “internment camp” is simply a euphemism for “concentration camp”, as the press didn’t want the United States associated with Germany’s concentration camps. The press also divided the Japanese into two groups, American-Japanese and anti-ally Japanese (or simply Japanese). Collectively the two groups would be referred to as the Japs, tying all of the Japanese as the traitors, emphasising the necessity of the internment camps. The reason why deceiving the people allowed for America to use Democracy to its advantage was because the only power that can oppose the government, as set up by the Constitution, is the people. If the people opposed to the Government’s militaristic agenda, than America might not move fast enough to win the war. So, America made its people believe that internment camps were a requirement and necessity so nobody could challenge their authority. By winning the hearts of the people, the government utilizes Democracy in order to gain almost complete control over the country.
Two bombs were dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima Japan on August 6th, 1945 and August 9th, 1945 respectively. These bombs were nuclear bombs, killing more people than any other single weapon in history. These atomic bombs were the final cost to end World War Ⅱ, a powerful weapon of mass destruction. The implication of this is that, because the nukes were used in order to save lives, and killing a collective 21,000 people, countless lives were saved as soldier's lives are the inevitable cost to end war, and that killing everyone quickly is the best way to avoid suffering. This prevented American and Russian suffering especially, as millions of troops were saved thanks to the invasion being called off. Instead of a long lengthy war with countless casualties, the Nuclear bombs ended the war swift and quick, while killing thousands of innocents in the process. Nuclear weapons only came to be because of the Manhattan Project, the government funded project that mobilized the nation nearly half a decade before, so it is only natural to drop the bombs at the project’s end. The huge project created countless jobs for Americans, and helped boost the economy shortly after the Great Depression. In fact, the invention of the atomic bomb, under the Manhattan Project, affected war in the future, deterring fighting through nuclear deterrence. Threatening to use a nuke was just as good as ending fighting as actually dropping the nuke, allowing for a third, future cost to end words: simple words and diplomacy.
The world learned that once the world obtained the atomic bomb, a bomb that could single handedly win a world-wide war, was obtained by more nations, the mere concept of war and fighting became terrifying. The single weapon melted the skin off of people's bodies, with long lasting radiation that remains after the bomb dropped until well after Humans are predicted to die off from the Earth. In short, the thought of using the bomb is terrifying to the world, and the world learned that even though a big quick hit is an effective way to end wars, it is also a destructive way to start wars. As mentioned previously, during the Cold War, countries avoided confronting and fighting each other because of the threat of a world-wide nuclear war, which could spell the end for all of humanity. This fear is what the world gained and learned after the atomic bombs dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, and that the best cost to end a war is not always something that should be used again.