HISTORICAL GLOBALIZATION AND WOMENS RIGHTS TIMELINE
In 1800's, there were no schools for women because they are expected to stay at home.
University of Iowa was the first American University to accept women to study there in 1885.
In 1869, a group called the National Woman Suffrage Association began to fight for a universal-suffrage amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
In 1868, America had made the 14th Amendments which guarantees civil rights to both men and women but only gave the right to vote to men.
In 1888, a strike of women workers occurred at Bryant and May match factory in the East End of London. “The strike began when 200 workers left work in protest when the factory owners sacked three workers who had spoken to a social reformer, Annie Besant, about their working conditions.” (“Striking Women”) Annie Besant published an article wherein it highlighted the poor conditions of the workers in the Bryant and May match factory. After three weeks of strike and support from the London Trades Council, the factory met all their conditions and demands. The workers from this created the Union of Women match workers.
In 1890, Congress threatens to withhold statehood from Wyoming because of woman suffrage. Wyoming threatens to remain a territory rather than give up women’s votes. Congress backs down, and Western states take the lead in giving women full voting rights.
The first country that gave women the right to vote was New Zealand in 1893.
During the 19th and 20th century in Europe, women were allowed to work in factories, domestic service for rich households, on farms, etc.
In 1912, with 4 million women eligible to vote in the West, presidential candidates vie for their attention for the first time.
In 1913, some 8,000 marchers turn out for the first national suffrage parade in Washington, D.C.
In the spring of 1918, the government extended the right to vote to Canadian women 21 years of age and older - with Borden saying they would exert a good influence on public life.
In the United States, women were given the right to vote during 1920 due to the 19th Amendment.
In Canada, women were allowed to vote in the 1921 federal election. On December 6, 1921, Agnes Macphail officially became the first woman to sit in the House of Commons.
In 1923, Alice Paul, the leader of the National Woman’s Party, drafted an Equal Rights Amendment for the United States Constitution. Such a federal law, it was argued, would ensure that “Men and women have equal rights throughout the United States.” A constitutional amendment would apply uniformly, regardless of where a person lived.
In 1929, Canadian women was officially recognized as persons by the law. That same year, the stock market crash of 1929 triggered the Great Depression of the 1930s.
In the 1950s, new services and products that needed to be advertised created new opportunities for women. The desire for women to provide for their family grew causing women to sent to the workforce.
The Year Women got to vote in their countryCited: Tse, and KerryJ. “Women's Suffrage Mapped: The Year Women Got The Vote By Country.” Brilliant Maps, 19 Apr. 2018, brilliantmaps.com/womens-suffrage-world/. Nov. 1, 2018
Doria Shafik helped produce a women’s rights movement in Egypt. When in 1951 she, together with 1,500 women, stormed the parliament demanding full political rights, pay equality and reforms to personal status laws. These efforts, along with countless others to come, helped pave the way for women’s right to vote in 1956.
In the United States, Esther Peterson was the director of the Women’s Bureau of the Dept. of Labor in 1961. With her persuasion, President Kennedy assembled a Commission on the Status of Women, naming Eleanor Roosevelt as its chair.
Eleanor Roosevelt on the left and Ether Peterson on the right.
As of 2014, Statistics Canada estimated over 47% of the workforce consisted of women. While they were getting paid, their income is still lower than their men colleague.