The Estates General was a form of assembly composed of the three social classes, the clergy, the nobles, and the commoners.
The Estates General Meet
The Tennis Court Oath was made in a tennis court/handball court after the newly declared National Assembly was kicked out of the estates general meeting place, and they decided to meet on a tennis court and continue to do so until they have a new constitution.
Tennis Court Oath
The National Assembly was created after the belief of an unjust system that was the Estates General, and this was created to give more power to the people.
National Assembly Declared
The bastille was a prison stronghold in the middle of paris, and it was seen by the revolutionaries as a symbol of the royalty still in paris. On July 14th the bastille was raided by the commoners and taken over.
Storming of the Bastille
The declaration of the rights of man was created by the National Assembly containing a basic outline for human rights that everybody would get, and contained basic rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
The women march on Versailles was done by around 7000 women who worked in the more labor intensive jobs, armed with pitchforks and knives, marched on the Versailles demanding food from the royal family.
Women march on versailles
The Jacobins political club was formed on July 1790, and was the main driving force behind the revolution for a few years with Robespierre as the leader. Other clubs were also born during this time
The rise of political clubs
On June 20th, King Louis attempted to flee france under the cover of darkness while disguised as commoner, however he was stopped near the border and captured along with his wife.
Louis attempts to flee france
France was worried that the Austrians might try to put an end to the revolution and place Louis and Marie back into power, so they declared war on Austria.
France declares war on austria
The national convention was created as the first form of government the French Revolution had, and was arguably its most important government during the revolution.
The king was executed because it was claimed by Robespierre that the new republic cannot start without the blood of a king, and was executed to give birth to the republic.
Louis XVI executed
The Committee of Public Safety was established as a militaristic government which enforced the hunting of counter-revolutionaries and was concerned with defending france as a whole from invaders.
Committee of Public Safety established
Levee en masse was the act of mass recruiting militants from france’s citizens. During this time of war against the prussians, austrians, and the british, the committee of public safety wanted more militants.
Levee en masse
The Reign of Terror was created and pushed by Robespierre in attempts to strike fear and terror into the hearts of not only the citizens to prevent uprisings, but also in the hearts of France’s opponents.
Reign of Terror
After Marie was placed in a jail alone for two months prior, she was finally put up on trial for treason against the country along with other accusations, and she was sentenced to death and executed by the guillotine.
Marie Antoinette executed
The fall of Robespierre happened due to him appearing to lose his mind. He started going on about a new supreme being and attempted to enforce this new cult.. Along with a speech of threats he made to other colleagues, he was arrested and put on trial.
Fall of Robespierre
Robespierre was sentenced to death. The day before his execution he appears to have attempted to take his own life, but he just ended up dislodging his jaw in the process leaving him in a semi-conscious state. He was put on the guillotine the next day, and executed.
The directory was made up of 5 people who governed the entirety of France for 4 years.
The Directory takes power
Napoleon returned to France from fighting a losing war to join a coup which involved overthrowing the Directory, and he accepted the idea and conrtibuted.
Napoleon overthrows the Directory
During the revolution France lost a lot of land due to other countries taking advantage of them, so the Napoleonic wars were fought to reclaim their lost land.
Napoleon’s Code was a french civil code established under napoleon to replace the old constitution, and was met with overwhelming support from the french public.
After napoleon claimed power in the directory, he soon after claimed himself as First Consul for life (dictator of france basically) and then called himself emperor not long after that.
Napoleon is crowned emperor
The russian campaign involved napoleon’s invasion of russia, however this ended in failure for napoleon’s forces due to the strength of the russians.
The Russian Campaign
After the allies successfully invaded and claimed paris, napoleon was exiled to elba due to his crimes and all of the people he’s killed.
Napoleon exiled to Elba
Napoleon’s 100 days was known at the time after Napoleon returned from being exiled to elba, and led up to the battle of waterloo.
Napoleon's 100 days
The Battle of Waterloo
The battle of waterloo took place after Napoleon’s 100 days after russia, prussia, austria, and the united kingdom all put 150 000 men each onto the battlefield in an attempt to end Napoleon’s rule as emperor. After Napoleon was defeated, he was exiled to saint helens where he later died.