Mikaylah Debrincat, Shannae Molnar, Victoria Cina, Jhye Easthope, Jack Keaton and Chris Campbell
Society uses technology in everyday life, and plays an important role in how we interact with others and the completion of tasks.
With the ability to choose from several gadgets and apps, fast and speedy accessibility to all networks is easy to get hold of. Online work, folders, payments, shopping and downloading can be searched, saved and purchased quicker with little delay.
The Internet opens up new ways of finding information. With technology as close as being in your pocket individuals can access technology and world-wide information in seconds.
Communication has vastly improved with applications such as Facebook, Twitter, Snap-chat, Skype, E-mail; in being able to communicate with people all over the world in an fast efficient way.
Unfortunately, this technology can behold implications with the law and when used incorrectly or without caution, you may be at risk of suffering a very costly or severe consequence! To prevent things like this happening, the first step is EDUCATION. Without gaining knowledge about some of the criminal or illegal activities that occur in cyber space, everyone can be at risk.
.Sometimes, too much use of technology distances you away from reality. Either being a distracting device when in school, driving, or during social events. To some, excessive use of technology is extremely unhealthy with studies indicating that, in some cases, anxiety and withdrawal can result.
.Not just a criminal offence, but it is also seen as illegal in the eyes of the law. The effects of bullying can take toll in online environments and is known to increase statistical emotional and social trauma to those targeted. As serious as it sounds, it is statistically shown that increases of depression, social anxiety and suicide have become predominant.
Plagiarism is when you take someone else’s work or ideas and pass them off as your own. In legal terms, plagiarism is considered a violation of copyright laws. There are many different ways a person can plagiarism such as:
- Copy and pasting - Cheating - hiring someone to do the work for you - Breaching examination conditions - Not acknowledging used sources - not paraphrasing (using the information gained to put into your own words)
The Australia Board of Studies treats plagiarism quite seriously. It is a criminal offence, in which it is an act of stealing. If plagiarism is suspected, justification and investigation is undertaken by Head Teachers and Principals to come to a decision. A mark of zero is given to those who are found guilty of this malpractice.
Misuse of Interactive technologies
There are plenty of accessible plagiarism checkers to evaluate your words in your work.
Documentation and important work can be destroyed or lost if a victim of hacking. Spam mail, unexpected text messages and notifications could carry viruses that lead to this.
Hacking is having unauthorized access to computer systems of communication devices that interferes with the database or software causing corruption, alteration, stalling of the device or the destruction of electronic data.
Hacking is dangerous! Always be mindful of the things you do online. That being the information you provide, what you download and what websites you visit.
Anyone can be a victim of hacking! It revolves around the idea of entering a network and causing it to crash. This is referred to as Denial of Service (DoS) attacks and mail bombs.
Hacking leads to virus installation, where personal information can be gathered by anyone. It is considered an offence under the Australian Computer Misuse Act 1900.
The Copyright Act 1968 protects the Intellectual Property of the owner or creator. A current Bill amendment is in establishment to get broadband and server companies to block these illegal websites.
Illicit or illegal downloading is jeopardizing the content! Industries are potentially being robbed of their own work and job.
Common examples under the Online Copyright Infringement include: making copies of a song without permission, using a computer burner to make copies of CD's and DVD's and accessing online 'free music' or 'free movie' streaming sites.
Police action is taken against those caught or seen doing so. Heavy fines and penalties are assured, and in worst cases, jail time can be permitted.
Piracy is the act of illegally downloading content without expressed permission or reward of acknowledgment.
PHISHING & SPOOFING
HOW TO TELL
Phishing comes in the form of emails, messages, websites and phone calls in attempt to steal your money.
- Bad Spelling - usually words are spelled incorrectly. - Links in e-mail - hovering the mouse over the link might indicate a different web address or link than the one displayed. - Threats - are common features to entice you to resolve that situation by following the steps provided by the message/e-mail. - Mentioning of company names.
Reporting these incidents is crucial. Don't respond or click on any address or hyperlink sent through in the text. Rather, click on the safety tools in an internet tab (e.g. Microsoft Office, Outlook.com, Internet Explorer) and follow from there.
RISK & EFFECT
Spoofing is a malevolent attack over a network, where the attacker imitates what seems like a friendly user, website or advertisement. It is used to steal personal data, spread viruses and gain full control of your device.
- No Caller ID calls from unknown callers or places can lead you to be informed about certain services, sites, products and companies that are unrealistic - used as a scam. - Spam email - enticing the reader to purchase online to scam details and steal money. - GPS - tracing footsteps, changing trip directions to lead you to a place where an attacker may be.
Once a website or link is clicked, there is no going back. A trap may occur, and after the damage is done, there is no chance to redeem what was taken. Always ensure you trust whatever is displayed on your screen before you acknowledge that source.
EXAMPLE OF A PHISHING EMAIL
Terms & Conditions are rules one must accept in order to achieve access to a site or service.
Generally, if the T&C's aren't agreed to or accepted by the user, you cannot continue on to the site or obtain your own account. Therefore, it is needed that they are read and clarified.
The agreement outlines behaviour standards online: no abusing, information is classified, limits liability etc.
For the website holder, the Term's and Agreements are a binding contract between the owner and user. In this case, the T&C's also inform the user about their rights in conjunction with their responsibilities.
If breached, a 24-hour ban is notified in some cases, otherwise complete registration or accessibility of the site is deleted permanently.
TIP: Always read the Terms & Conditions, even just a small bit so you can get your head around the idea of what is expected!
EXAMPLE OF TERMS & CONDITIONS
A persons privacy is something that should be maintain and ensured. The Privacy Act 1988 describes privacy towards an individual as ‘An act or practice of an entity is an interference with the privacy of an individual’.
This act ensures any kinds of personal information that the holder owns is kept disclosed free of charge and in an appropriate form.
Individuals have the option to keep their identity private by remaining anonymous but privacy and code of conduct should be provided from their point also.
The Australian Privacy Principle states anybody who obtains personal or sensitive information must take reasonable steps to protect this information from misuse interference, loss, unauthorized access, modification or disclosure.
Without appropriate privacy settings anyone can become a target to criminal activity. A popular place for this to occur are on social media websites and when making online purchases. As the individual, it’s important to be aware of your privacy settings on generated websites and what amounts of information is shared to whom or what.
Cyber bullying is carried out online, over a network, whether being over SMS, email or social media. Bullying behaviour is typically used as a hurtful weapon, intended to embarrass, threaten or intimidate a targeted person or group. Factually, however, cyber bullying is considered a crime and is illegal. LawStuff Australia defines online bullying as any sort of offensive behaviour, whether that would be threatening someone in any form, stalking and harassing, accessing internet accounts without permission, defamation – that being untrue statements that are spread around to ruin or hurts someone’s reputation, or encouraging suicide.
Threats are intentional words of harm, which are used to frighten and intimidate a person. This can be easily sent over SMS, email or on social media. Threatening to kill someone in Australia can serve a maximum of 10 years in prison.
Stalking refers to when unwanted attention is intentionally repeated in order to scare, intimidate or anger that person. This can once again take place over SMS, email or over social media. Constant phone calls are usually a huge problem also. There is a maximum of 3 years imprisonment in Australia for this crime.
It is considered a crime on State and National level when anyone accesses another persons profile, account or private details without their permission. This can account for a maximum of 2 years penalty.
Posting or spreading rumours about someone online to purposely embarrass or hurt them is illegal. The maximum penalty is 3 years in jail.
On a national Australian level, it is beyond illegal to encourage suicide and promote self-worth in its worst form. Anything that is said or done by someone that promotes another to kill themselves can face life time imprisonment. If a death is resulted from a suicidal threat or comment, then this maximum penalty with served - that being 14 years.
SO WHAT HAPPENS?
Warnings and suspensions are issued to those who are caught doing these things online. Terms and Conditions prior to signing up to a site or app outline rights and responsibilities of the individual and operator. Some websites may take down posts or information that is considered inappropriate for public viewing or for any reason that sees it as bullying. Phone companies, for example, can legally suspend your contract or next phone bill if you are found to be continually harassing others via text message or phone call. If more serious, they can contact police for criminal investigation.
Bullying of any sort is not accepted at school. Often, there are plans set out for students and teachers to follow, in order to deal with events like this.
Suspension and expulsion can occur with repetitive bullying. Police may also be involved if any crime has been committed.
WHAT IF I'M THE VICTIM?
The Kids Helpline is always available if i need to talk about it with anyone (1800 55 1800).
Recommended by Lawstuff Australia are these few steps:
- KEEP CALM - TALK TO SOMEONE - RECORD EVIDENCE - ASK THE PERSON TO DELETE IT - REPORT IT TO THE WEBSITE OR TO YOUR PHONE COMPANY - BLOCK THE BULLY - TALK TO YOUR TEACHER, SCHOOL COUNSELLOR OR PRINCIPAL - APPLY FOR A PROTECTION ORDER - CONTACT A FREE LEGAL SERVICE - REPORT IT TO THE POLICE