By Emalee Gorman, Lillian Parrilla, Janelle Veiga, Caleb McDonald
The 2nd Industrial Revolution was another giant advancement in technology and society. It allowed globalization and helped shape the world today. It began in 1870 and ended in 1914, and metamorphized steel production, petroleum use, and electricity, which led to the inventions of automobiles and airplanes. Existing manufacturing and production methods improved. For example, steel replaced iron in building rail lines.
Electricity was a huge advancement during this time, also, with the introduction of commercial electrical generators in the 1870s making public electricity possible.
Larger scale construction was also introduced, with skyscrapers, larger bridges, ships, and powerlines.
The Second Industrial revolution followed on from the First Industrial Revolution, and began in Britain and spread throughout Western Europe, then eventually North America.
Key Inventors and Inventions
->Thomas Edison: In 1879 he created the first practical electric light bulb.
Importance: People are able to use electricity now.
->Andrew Carnegie: In 1900 the Carnegie steel company produced more steel than all of Britain. In the early 1900's Carnegie sold the company to JP Morgan.
Importance: Notable for big business in the US
->John Snow: In 1854 he found out the London cholera epidemic to a contaminated well.
Importance: It led to better working conditions and sterilization.
->Louis Pasteur: In the 1860's he proved that bacteria and diseases.
Importance:Led to the creation of vaccines and improved health and sanitation.
How did the second Industrial Revolution impact Europe and the rest of the world?
The second Industrial Revolution was a huge change from technological advancements to social economic advancements. Urbanization spread throughout different countries. Cheap houses and apartments were built rapidly and people moved in quickly to be close to factories.