The King wanted to increase taxes, so the Estates General had a meeting. The 3rd Estate refused to discuss anything until the meetings would be in the same room.
The Estates General
The 1st and 3rd Estates found themselves locked out of the meeting halls. They found shelter from the rain on a tennis court and swore an oath to change the way France was governed.
Tennis Court Oath
Louis XVI gave in to the 2nd and 3rd estates' demands and called for a National Assembly.
Parisians attacked the Bastille as an act of defiance against the King.
Storming of the Bastille
July 17 - August 3
Peasants wandered around the countryside looking for food. Rumors spread that Nobles were hoarding grain to starve the people and that they were sending gangs to attack and terrorize farms. People responded to the Great Fear by refusing to pay their feudal dues.
The Great Fear
The Bastille represented the King's power.
It was a prison rumored to torture and dehumanize those accused of treason!
The Estates General was built up of representatives of the 3 estates who voted in separate rooms and each had an equal vote.
The Clergy joined the 3rd Estate in the fight for a National Assembly.
King Loses Control!
He allows Paris to set up their own military force, the National Guard, and a local government, the Paris Commune. Other towns forced the King to do the same for them.
King Loses Paris!
Over the course of one night, feudal rights, hunting rights, the right of the mill and the oven, tithes, and the corvée were abolished.
Feudal System Abolished!
The Corvée was an employment system that kept the poor poor.
Peasants lived on land owned by Nobles. They had to pay to hunt, and to use a mill, oven, or other appliance.
Tithes were required payments to the church.
The National Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen.
Men are born and remain: free and equal in rights.
These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
The power to rule comes from the whole nation.
Liberty is being able to do what does not harm others.
The law only has the right to prohibit actions that are harmful to society.
The law should be the same for everyone.
A man can only be accused, arrested, or imprisoned in cases decided by the law.
The law must only require punishments that are strictly necessary.
Every man is innocent until he has been declared guilty.
No man ought to be uneasy about his opinions, even his religious beliefs.
Every citizen can talk, write, and publish freely.
The public force (police, etc.) is for everyone's advantage, not for the benefit of the people who are entrusted with it.
All citizens have the right to have explained to them why taxes are necessary, so that they can consent freely to them, can check how they are used, and can decide the shares to be paid.
A society which does not guarantee people's rights is a society without a constitution.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Louis sided with those who refused and started plotting to overthrow the Assembly and take his power back. He flees to Austria, but is caught at Varennes.
Flight to Varennes
Austria's King, Leopold, called on all European monarch to support Louis. He had no intentions of attacking France himself.Rumors spread that Austria wanted to invade France.
All French people wanted war. Revolutionaries could convict Louis of treason, and royalists could defeat the revolutionaries.
War on Austria!
Women and some men marched to the King' palace to complain about high bread prices and extra soldiers in Versailles.
Women's March on Versailles
The royal family moved to Paris due to the demands of the people. Now Parisians could keep an eye on their activities.
Moving to Tuileries
The National Assembly was to sell the church's land to pay off the national debt. They then declared that priests and bishops must be elected.
People protested. The clergy was ordered to take an oath of loyalty to France. Over half refused. This created a nationwide political divide.
20,000 French revolutionaries ransacked the Tuileries as the now had the right to weapons. They killed and mutilated 600 Swiss Guards.
September 2 - 7
Prisoners were killed for presumably supporting Austria.
He was guillotined in public as a statement to royalists.
Louis XVI Executed
Believed royalists to be a threat to French Society. Lead by Maximillian Robespierre.
Committee of Public Safety
She was unliked to to her Austrian heritage and romanticization of poverty.
Marie Antoinette Executed
The Convention sentenced all opposed to the revolution to death.
Reign of Terror
The Convention makes its first action to dethrone Louis and declares France a Republic.
Marie's palace, Le Petit Trianon, was made to look worn-out.
Reign of Terror
Revolutionary leaders were tired of living in fear, as anyone could be accused of royalism without proof during the Reign of Terror. Maximillian Robespierre was sentenced to death by guillotine.
A timeline of the short term causes of the French Revolution.