The first British settlement is established at Sydney by Captain Arthur Phillip. It is the start of the British penal colony which is made up of mostly prisoners.
Australia is proven to be an island when English navigator Matthew Flinders completes his sail around the island.
The Rum Rebellion occurs and the current governor, William Bligh, is arrested and removed from office.
Marketers have increased the use of videos.
The name of the island is changed from "New Holland" to "Australia."
The settlement of Perth is founded on the southwest coast. England lays claim to the entire continent of Australia.
The settlement of Port Phillip is established. It will later become the city of Melbourne.
The first elections are held for parliament.
Gold is discovered in the southeast region of Victoria. Prospectors flock to the area in the Victoria Gold Rush.
Miners rebel against the government in the Eureka Rebellion.
The rules for Australian rules football are officially written down.
Great Britain stops sending convicts to Australia. It is estimated that around 160,000 convicts were shipped to Australia between 1788 and 1868.1
Folk hero Ned Kelly, sometimes called the Australian "Robin Hood", is executed for murder.
The railroad between Sydney and Melbourne opens.
The famous poem The Man from Snowy River is published by Banjo Paterson.
The Commonwealth of Australia is formed. Edmund Barton serves as the first Prime Minister of Australia. The Australian national flag is adopted.